Cover for the UPWP FFY 2018 Report.

Contents

Executive Summary
Chapter 1 — Coordinating Comprehensive Transportation Planning in the Region: What is the Unified Planning Work Program?
Chapter 2 — Background: Transportation Planning and the Boston Region MPO
Chapter 3 — Regulatory Framework
Chapter 4 — Federal Fiscal Years 2014-2016 Completed UPWP Studies
Chapter 5 — Certification Requirements
Chapter 6 — Boston Region MPO Planning Studies and Technical Analyses
Chapter 7 — Agency and Other Client Transportation Planning Studies and Technical Analyses
Chapter 8 — Administration, Resource Management, and Support Activities
Chapter 9 — Boston Region MPO Budget and Operating Summaries
Appendices

 

Unified Planning Work Program

Federal Fiscal Year 2018

Endorsed by the Boston Region MPO

June 15, 2017

Prepared by
Central Transportation Planning Staff
Staff to the Boston Region Metropolitan Planning Organization

 

Directed by the Boston Region Metropolitan Planning Organization, which is composed of the:

Massachusetts Department of Transportation
Metropolitan Area Planning Council
Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority
MBTA Advisory Board
Massachusetts Port Authority
Regional Transportation Advisory Council
City of Boston
City of Beverly
City of Everett
City of Newton
City of Somerville
City of Woburn
Town of Arlington
Town of Bedford
Town of Braintree
Town of Framingham
Town of Lexington
Town of Medway
Town of Norwood
Federal Highway Administration (nonvoting)
Federal Transit Administration (nonvoting)

 

This is a map of the cities and towns in the Boston Region. There are 101 cities and towns within the Boston Region Metropolitan Planning Organization’s planning area.

 

Contact Information

The Boston Region Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) complies with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), and other federal and state nondiscrimination statutes and regulations in all programs and activities. The MPO does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, English proficiency, income, religious creed, ancestry, disability, age, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, or military service. Any person who believes herself/himself or any specific class of persons to have been subjected to discrimination prohibited by Title VI, ADA, or other nondiscrimination statute or regulation may, herself/himself or via a representative, file a written complaint with the MPO. A complaint must be filed no later than 180 calendar days after the date on which the person believes the discrimination occurred. A complaint form and additional information may be obtained at www.bostonmpo.org or by contacting the MPO staff at 857-702-3700 (voice), 617-570-9193 (TTY), 617-570-9192 (fax), or publicinformation@ctps.org.


To request additional copies of this document or to request it in an accessible format, please contact MPO staff using the methods described below. It is also possible to download the document by visiting www.bostonmpo.org.

Contact MPO staff:

By mail:

Sandy Johnston
UPWP Manager, Central Transportation Planning Staff
10 Park Plaza, Suite 2150
Boston, MA 02116

By telephone:

857-702-3710 (voice), 617-570-9193 (TTY)

By fax:

617-570-9192

By email:

sjohnston@ctps.org

This document was funded in part through grants from the Federal Highway Administration and Federal Transit Administration of the U.S. Department of Transportation. Its contents do not necessarily reflect the official views or policies of the U.S. Department of Transportation.

Page 1 of 2. These pages are the self-certification statement of the Boston Region MPO. The MPO certifies that its conduct of the metropolitan transportation planning process complies with all applicable requirements, and that this process includes activities to support the development and implementation of the Regional Long-Range Transportation Plan and Air Quality Conformity Determination (LRTP), the Transportation Improvement Program and Air Quality Conformity Determination (TIP), and the Unified Planning Work Program (UPWP). These pages were signed on July 28, 2016 by the members of the MPO or their representatives.

 

Page 2 of 2.

 

Executive Summary

ES.1     WHAT IS THE UPWP?

The Unified Planning Work Program (UPWP) produced by the Boston Region Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) explains how the Boston region’s federal transportation planning funds will be spent in a given federal fiscal year (FFY). Specifically, the UPWP is a financial plan that is produced in order to comply with the federally mandated metropolitan transportation planning process (also called the 3C Planning Process).

Of all the possible transportation planning studies and technical analyses that could be undertaken to benefit the region, the UPWP plays a critical role in prioritizing the studies that are conducted, defining their scopes and budgets, and ensuring that their outcomes help move us closer to achieving our transportation goals as a region.

Additionally, the UPWP serves as a source for the following information:

What is an MPO?

MPO stands for Metropolitan Planning Organization.

In order to receive federal transportation funds, each urbanized area (with a population of 50,000 or more) must conduct an ongoing transportation planning process (a.k.a the 3C process) that engages state and local governments as well as other stakeholders.

MPOs are the entities tasked with carrying out this planning process. The Boston Region MPO is made up of a decision-making board that is supported by the Central Transportation Planning Staff, staff to the MPO.

 

How is the Boston Region defined?

The Boston region encompasses an area of approximately 1,405 square miles and is made up of 101 cities and towns stretching from Boston to Ipswich in the north, Duxbury in the south, and west to Interstate 495. It is home to more than three million people and approximately two million jobs. The diverse communities in the MPO area range from relatively rural communities, such as Dover, to the urban centers of Boston and Cambridge. Therefore, transportation planning must take into account demographic, cultural, environmental, and mobility diversity.

How does the UPWP relate to the goals of the Boston Region MPO?

The Boston Region MPO plans for the transportation future of the Boston region. The MPO is guided by a 25-year vision for a modern, safe, equitable, sustainable, and technologically advanced transportation system for the region, which is described in the MPO’s Long-Range Transportation Plan (LRTP), Charting Progress to 2040. The transportation planning work funded through the UPWP is an integral part of achieving this regional vision.

The transportation goals of the Boston region (see Figure 1-2, in Chapter 1) include:


In addition to the LRTP and the UPWP, the MPO also produces the Transportation Improvement Program (TIP) for the Boston region. As the near-term investment plan of the MPO, the TIP describes and prioritizes transportation construction projects that are expected to be implemented during a five-year period. Figure ES-1 illustrates the relationship between the LRTP goals and visions, the planning foundation of the MPO (the UPWP), the TIP, and the feedback loop for monitoring progress towards the region’s goals as well as continuously evaluating our approach to achieving them.

The “3C” Planning Process

The 3 Cs define an approach to meaningful transportation planning and are required by the federal government:

 

Figure ES-1
Links between LRTP, TIP, and UPWP

This figure shows the relationships between the planning and programming documents that the MPO creates in order to guide transportation planning and investment throughout the region. The figure shows the relationships between the LRTP, TIP, and UPWP. Performance measures and performance targets allow the MPO to monitor progress and evaluate their approach to transportation planning and improvements in the region.

What are “federal metropolitan planning funds”?

The federal government regulates the funding, planning, and operation of surface transportation through the federal transportation program (enacted into law through Titles 23 and 49 of the United States Code). The most recent reauthorization of the surface transportation law is called the Fixing America’s Surface Transportation (FAST) Act.

Federal funding that supports much of the work described in this UPWP comes from two main sources: the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) and the Federal Transit Administration (FTA). Federal funding is broken down as follows:

Are there other funding sources in the UPWP?

Yes! In addition to MPO-funded work, the Central Transportation Planning Staff (CTPS) performs planning analyses and studies funded by state transportation agencies, including MassDOT, the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA), and the Massachusetts Port Authority (Massport). More detail about these agency-funded studies can be found in Chapter 7. For FFY 2018, the agency funding in this UPWP includes the following:

Objectives of the MPO

In carrying out the 3C transportation planning process, the MPO aims to achieve the following objectives:

 

ES.2     WHAT STUDIES AND ACTIVITIES ARE IN THIS FFY 2018 UPWP?

Throughout the following chapters, you will see detailed information on work programs, studies, support activities, and technical analyses that fall into the following categories:

Table ES-1 contains the budget allocated to reflect the MPO’s continuing, comprehensive, and cooperative (3C) transportation planning activities. Funding for 3C planning consists of Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) metropolitan planning (PL) funds and Federal Transit Administration (FTA) Section 5303 funds, which the Central Transportation Planning Staff (CTPS) and the Metropolitan Area Planning Council (MAPC) expect to spend in federal fiscal year (FFY) 2018. The table also reflects the CTPS work funded by other transportation agencies.

Table ES-1: FFY 2018 Unified Planning Work Program Budget

3C Studies & Programs by CTPS Budget Categories

3C PL Funds

Section 5303 Funds

Proposed
FFY 2018 Budget

Administration, Resource Management, and Support Activities

 $     1,103,628

 $        535,332

 $     1,638,960

MPO Certification Requirements

 $     1,203,722

 $        445,003

 $     1,648,725

Continuing MPO-Funded Planning Studies and Technical Analyses

 $        117,300

 $          88,630

 $        205,930

New MPO-Funded Discrete Studies

 $        507,900

 $        197,100

 $        705,000

Direct Support

 $          60,000

 $          23,000

 $          83,000

Total for CTPS 3C Studies and Programs

 $     2,992,550

 $     1,289,065

 $     4,281,615

Total for Agency-Funded CTPS Project Work

 

 

 $     1,575,070

Total CTPS Budget (3C + Agency Work)

 

 

 $     5,856,685

3C Studies & Programs by MAPC Budget Categories

3C PL Funds

Section 5303 Funds

Proposed
FFY 2018 Budget

MAPC Planning Studies and Technical Analyses

 $           382,905

 $           201,897

 $        584,802

MAPC Administration, Resource Management, and Support Activities

 $           319,051

 $           125,400

 $        444,451

Total MAPC 3C Budget

 $           701,956

 $           327,297

 $     1,029,253

Total 3C Budget Subtotal by Funding Program

 

 $        3,694,506

 $        1,616,362

 $     5,310,868

(CTPS 3C Budget + MAPC 3C Budget)

 TOTAL PROGRAMMED IN FFY 2018
 (CTPS 3C Budget + CTPS Agency-Funded Budget + MAPC 3C Budget)

$   6,885,938

 

ES.3     WHAT IS THE PROCESS FOR CREATING AND MONITORING THE UPWP EVERY FFY?

Developing the UPWP

The annual process of creating the UPWP includes both generating and evaluating ideas for new studies, as well as updating the scopes and anticipated deliverables for ongoing technical analysis activities, certification requirements, and administrative support activities.

Ideas for new studies come from a combination of:

Ideas for new studies are compiled into the Universe of New Studies, and each proposed study is evaluated and selected for funding based on the following criteria: how it helps the region accomplish the LRTP goals, the mode(s) it addresses, the scale of the study, the time frame and type of impact it is anticipated to result in, whether it furthers some body of existing work, and whether it has been funded in the past or is a completely new idea.

The MPO continually seeks to improve its process through inclusive and collaborative decision-making. For this reason, the MPO seeks to involve a broad and diverse range of stakeholders throughout the UPWP development process.

In the coming years, staff will seek to increase public input into the Universe of New Studies and then engage participants in discussing, evaluating, and eventually prioritizing studies for inclusion in the UPWP. We are working to expand our communication channels to include:

As described above, Chapters 5 through 8 provide detailed information about all of the transportation-planning activities that will be undertaken by CTPS during FFY 2018. The new studies chosen for funding in FFY 2018 are summarized below in Table ES-2 and described in more detail in Chapter 6.

 

Table ES-2
FFY 2018 New Discrete Funded Studies

Project ID

Category

Project Name

Estimated Cost

Links

13281

Active transportation

Bicycle Level-of-Service Metric

$55,000

Link 

13282

Land use, environment, and economy

Transportation Mitigation of Major Developments: Review of Strategies

$50,000

Link

13283

Multimodal mobility

Safety and Operations Analysis at Selected Intersections

$70,000

Link 

13284

Multimodal Mobility

Potential Impacts of Connected and Autonomous Vehicles

$50,000

Link 

13285

Multimodal mobility

Travel Alternatives to Regional Traffic Bottlenecks

$70,000

Link

13286

Multimodal mobility

Addressing Safety, Mobility, and
Access on Subregional Priority
Roadways 2018

$120,000

Link 

13287

Multimodal mobility

Addressing Priority Corridors from the Long-Range Transportation Plan Needs Assessment 2018

$120,000

Link 

13288

Transit

Community Transportation Program Development

$85,000

Link 

13289

Transit

Review of and Guide to Regional Transit Signal Priority

$65,000

Link

20902

Other technical support

MPO Staff-Generated Research Topics 2018

$20,000

Link 

blank

Total

blank

$705,000

blank

 

 

What is the public review process?

As noted above, public outreach forms a major part of the input into the UPWP every FFY. Towards the end of the UPWP development process, the MPO votes to release a draft document for public review that describes ongoing and new UPWP studies and includes financial information. The Draft UPWP also summarizes the document’s development to date and relevant transportation-planning studies in the Boston region that are being conducted by other organizations.

The MPO invites the public to comment on the Draft UPWP following its release. MPO staff posts the document for downloading, and publicizes its release via the MPO’s website (www.bostonmpo.org), Twitter account, and MPOinfo email list. MPOinfo is the MPO email distribution list; the list includes MPO Board members, municipal TIP contacts, and all other interested public and stakeholders in the region. The email is used to keep all of these contacts informed about upcoming opportunities for public comment and involvement, and other current events of the MPO. Additionally, MPO staff solicits public input during CTPS Office Hours and at public events hosted by CTPS or our transportation partners, (e.g., MassDOT and the MBTA). MPO staff compiles all of the comments made during this period and presents them to the MPO.

Information about the public review process for the Draft FFY 2018 UPWP is provided in Appendix B.

How are progress and outcomes monitored?

The MPO monitors the progress of studies funded through the UPWP by approving detailed work programs and scopes, reviewing monthly progress reports, keeping track of UPWP study budgets and updates on actual spending, and approving the release of deliverables based on whether the objectives stated in the work program were met and whether the state deliverables were produced.

 

ES.4     WHAT ELSE DOES THE MPO DO AND WHO ARE THE MEMBERS?

The transportation planning process

Title 23, Section 134 of the Federal-Aid Highway Act and Section 5303 of the Federal Transit Act, as amended, require that urbanized areas, in order to be eligible for federal funds, conduct a 3C transportation-planning process, resulting in plans and programs consistent with the planning objectives of the metropolitan area. In complying with this requirement, the Boston Region MPO established specific objectives that guide our 3C planning process.

As part of our 3C process, the Boston Region MPO annually produces the TIP and the UPWP. These documents, along with the quadrennial LRTP, are referred to as Certification Documents (described in Chapter 2, Section 2.1.2) and are required for the MPO’s process of being certified to meet federal requirements; this certification is a prerequisite for receiving federal transportation funds. In addition to the requirement to produce the LRTP, the TIP, and the UPWP, the MPO must establish and conduct an inclusive public participation process, as well as maintain transportation models and data resources to support air quality conformity determinations, transportation equity analyses, and long- and short-range planning work and initiatives.

The Boston Region MPO

The Boston Region MPO consists of a 22 voting member board that includes state agencies, regional organizations, and municipalities; its jurisdiction extends from Boston north to Ipswich, south to Duxbury, and west to Interstate 495. There are 101 cities and towns that make up this area (see Chapter 1, Figure 1-1).

The permanent MPO voting members are:

The elected MPO voting members are municipalities. A municipality from each of the eight MAPC subregions has a seat, and there are four at-large municipal seats, split between cities and towns. The current elected members are:

In addition, the FHWA and the FTA participate in the MPO as advisory (nonvoting) members. Details about MPO voting members are provided in Chapter 2. Figure 2-1 shows MPO membership and organization of the CTPS, staff to the MPO.

Metropolitan Area Planning Council Subregional Groups

The Metropolitan Area Planning Council (MAPC) is the regional planning agency for the 101-municipality Boston region and is also a member agency of the MPO.

To enhance the regional planning process, the Boston region is divided into eight subregional groups that include municipal representatives. These groups are better able to focus on planning topics that are of particular importance to their subregion:

 

ES.5     OVERVIEW OF THIS DOCUMENT

This UPWP document is structured as follows:

Back to top

 

 

CHAPTER 1

Coordinating Comprehensive Transportation Planning in the Region: What is the Unified Planning Work Program?

The Boston Region Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) plans for the transportation future of the Boston region (Figure 1-1). The MPO is guided by a 25-year vision for a modern, safe, equitable, sustainable, and technologically advanced transportation system for the region, which is described in the MPO’s Long-Range Transportation Plan (LRTP), Charting Progress to 2040. An integral part of achieving this regional vision is the transportation planning work funded through the Unified Planning Work Program (UPWP).

The UPWP is a financial plan that the MPO produces annually in compliance with the federally mandated metropolitan planning process. This process requires transportation decision-making in urbanized areas based on a continuing, comprehensive, and cooperative planning process (the 3C process) that involves coordination of state and local governments as well as the public.

The UPWP documents the federal funding that will be spent on surface transportation studies and programs in the Boston region during a given federal fiscal year (FFY). This plan also serves as the basis for financing the ongoing work of the staff to the Boston Region MPO.

This chapter explains the UPWP, its connection to the overall regional vision developed in the LRTP, and how the planning work of the MPO is funded.

 

Figure 1-1: Boston Region MPO Municipalities Map

This is a map of the cities and towns in the Boston Region. There are 101 cities and towns within the Boston Region Metropolitan Planning Organization’s planning area. This figure also delineates the eight (8) sub-regions within the shared Boston Region Metropolitan Planning Organization and Metropolitan Area Planning Council planning area. The eight sub-regions are the: South Shore Coalition, Three Rivers Interlocal Council, South West Advisory Planning Committee, MetroWest Regional Collaborative, Minuteman Advisory Group on Interlocal Coordination, North Suburban Planning Council, North Shore Task Force, and Inner Core Committee.

 

1.1    WHAT DOES THE UPWP DO?

As the basis for transportation planning at the Boston Region MPO, the UPWP prioritizes federal funding for transportation planning work that will be implemented in the 101-municipality area of the Boston region. This work is conducted by the Central Transportation Planning Staff (CTPS), staff to the MPO, or by the staff of the MPO member agency, the Metropolitan Area Planning Council (MAPC), and primarily consists of four parts:

1.2      HOW ARE FUNDING DECISIONS MADE?

The MPO’s UPWP Committee works with the MPO staff to develop the UPWP for the upcoming FFY. Numerous sources of guidance are considered when compiling the UPWP and making decisions about the new and ongoing work that will be carried out. The amount of available funding plays an important role in determining what work will be done in a given FFY.

1.2.1   The Guiding Vision of the LRTP

The chief framework that directs decisions about what to fund through the UPWP incorporates the goals and objectives of the LRTP, which guide the MPO in its overall decision-making. As described in more detail in Section 1.2.2, each new proposed study is evaluated based on how it helps the region achieve the goals and objective outlined in the LRTP.

Figure 1-2 shows the goals and objectives in the MPO’s most recent LRTP, Charting Progress to 2040, endorsed by the MPO in July 2015.

 

Figure 1-2: LRTP Goals and Objectives

CENTRAL VISION STATEMENT

The Boston Region Metropolitan Planning Organization envisions a modern transportation system that is safe, uses new technologies, provides equitable access, excellent mobility, and varied transportation options—in support of a sustainable, healthy, livable, and economically vibrant region.

GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

SAFETY: Transportation by all modes will be safe

SYSTEM PRESERVATION: Maintain the transportation system

CLEAN AIR/CLEAN COMMUNITIES: Create an environmentally friendly transportation system

CAPACITY MANAGEMENT/MOBILITY: Use existing facility capacity more efficiently and increase healthy transportation capacity

TRANSPORTATION EQUITY: Provide comparable transportation access and service quality among communities, regardless of income level or minority population


ECONOMIC VITALITY: Ensure our transportation network provides a strong foundation for economic vitality

Figure 1-3 depicts the relationship between the framework established in the LRTP, the planning foundation of the MPO (the UPWP), the near-term investment plan of the MPO (the TIP), and the feedback loop for monitoring progress towards the region’s goals as well as continuously evaluating our approach to achieving them.

 

Figure 1-3: Links between LRTP, TIP, and UPWP

This figure shows the relationships between the planning and programming documents that the MPO creates in order to guide transportation planning and investment throughout the region. The figure shows the relationships between the LRTP, TIP, and UPWP. Performance measures and performance targets allow the MPO to monitor progress and evaluate their approach to transportation planning and improvements in the region.

1.2.2   The Process of Creating and Monitoring the UPWP

Each year, the UPWP Committee considers new studies for funding. The UPWP documents these new studies (as well as studies that are continuing from previous UPWPs), and it provides updates on the MPO’s ongoing programs that fulfill the federally required 3C transportation-planning process.

The UPWP Committee met with the MPO staff six times in FFY 2017 to consider and provide guidance on the UPWP development process, including proposed budgets for ongoing and continuing activities, new study ideas, and the prioritization of these ideas. These meetings resulted in the Committee’s recommendation for the Draft FFY 2018 UPWP. The MPO approved the UPWP Committee’s recommendations for public review of the Draft FFY 2018 UPWP on May 4, 2017.

Below are more details about the process for selecting studies and programs for the FFY 2018 UPWP.

Developing the New Federal Fiscal Year UPWP

To develop new planning studies for the FFY 2018 UPWP, the MPO drew from the following sources to generate a universe of proposed new studies for evaluation by MPO staff and the MPO’s UPWP Committee.

In an effort to increase public input into the Universe of New Studies, the MPO has new and additional public involvement planned in coming years, including using more social media, holding outreach meetings with advocacy groups, conducting outreach at more convenient locations, and concentrating outreach on traditionally less-involved municipalities in the region.

Proposed planning studies are documented in the FFY 2018 UPWP Universe of Proposed New Studies (see Appendix C). Selected studies for FFY18 are summarized in Table 1-1 and described in detail in Chapter 6.

Evaluating and Selecting New Studies

Each new proposed study in the Universe of New Studies was evaluated based on the following criteria: how it helps the region accomplish the LRTP goals, the mode(s) it addresses, the scale of the study, the time frame and type of impact it is anticipated to result in, whether it furthers some body of existing work, and whether it has been funded in the past or is a completely new idea.

The evaluation process provides an important tool for the MPO and stakeholders to understand the amount of spending on studies across the following criteria:

In addition to the study evaluation process, MPO staff defined general scopes and estimated costs for proposed planning studies and considered potential study feasibility issues. These various factors, along with the availability of funds for new studies, were considered as staff identified a recommended set of new proposed planning studies for review by the UPWP Committee. The FFY 2018 Universe of Proposed Studies is documented in the FFY 2018 UPWP Universe of Proposed New Studies in Appendix C.

Table 1-1 shows the studies in the FFY 2018 Universe that were chosen for funding in FFY 2018. These are described in more detail in Chapter 6.

Updates to Ongoing and Continuing Activities

In addition to the process of selecting new discrete transportation planning studies, the MPO reviews activities for ongoing programs and work. MPO staff identifies and develops budgets for these continuing programs that will be carried out in the upcoming FFY. If there are changes to the budget of any program as a result of revisions to planned activities, these changes are proposed.

Examples of ongoing and continuing activities include work that is required of the MPO, including certification requirements (see Chapter 5), administration and resource management activities (see Chapter 8), and ongoing technical assistance to municipalities (see Chapter 6).

The annual study and program review and budget development process defines the amount of 3C funding (from federal grants that support the 3C process) that is available for new studies in the UPWP. After accounting for 3C-funded continuing and ongoing programs, the remaining funding is available for new studies.

Table 1-1
FFY 2018 New Discrete Funded Studies

Project ID

Category

Project Name

Estimated Cost

Links

13281

Active transportation

Bicycle Level-of-Service Metric

$55,000

Link 

13282

Land use, environment, and economy

Transportation Mitigation of Major Developments: Review of Strategies

$50,000

Link

13283

Multimodal mobility

Safety and Operations Analysis at Selected Intersections

$70,000

Link 

13284

Multimodal Mobility

Potential Impacts of Connected and Autonomous Vehicles

$50,000

Link 

13285

Multimodal mobility

Travel Alternatives to Regional Traffic Bottlenecks

$70,000

Link

13286

Multimodal mobility

Addressing Safety, Mobility, and
Access on Subregional Priority
Roadways 2018

$120,000

Link 

13287

Multimodal mobility

Addressing Priority Corridors from the Long-Range Transportation Plan Needs Assessment 2018

$120,000

Link 

13288

Transit

Community Transportation Program Development

$85,000

Link 

13289

Transit

Review of and Guide to Regional Transit Signal Priority

$65,000

Link

20902

Other technical support

MPO Staff-Generated Research Topics 2018

$20,000

Link 

blank

Total

blank

$705,000

blank

 

 

 

Public Review of the Draft UPWP

Descriptive and financial information about ongoing and new UPWP studies, along with information about the UPWP development process and other major transportation-planning studies occurring in the region, are incorporated into the draft UPWP. Once the MPO votes to release the draft for public review, MPO staff posts the document for downloading from the MPO website (www.bostonmpo.org) and provides notice of its availability through various media and MPO communication outlets.

As noted above, public outreach forms a major part of the input into the UPWP each FFY. After the draft UPWP is approved by the MPO, there is a public comment period. During this time, MPO staff members solicit public input through the MPO website, social media outlets, open houses, and public meetings held in conjunction with MassDOT and the MBTA. All public comments received during this period are compiled and presented to the MPO. Information about the public review process for the Draft FFY 2018 UPWP is available in Appendix B.

Monitoring Progress of UPWP Studies

The following procedures for monitoring the studies in the FFY 2018 UPWP were approved by the MPO:

Amendments and Administrative Modifications to the UPWP

If necessary, amendments and administrative modifications may be made to the UPWP throughout the year. All 3C documents (TIP, LRTP, UPWP, etc.) endorsed by MPOs must follow standardized procedures regarding amendments and/or administrative adjustments. If an amendment is under consideration, the Regional Transportation Advisory Council and other interested parties, including any affected communities, are notified. The MPO follows the procedures specified in the MPO’s Public Participation Plan.

Below are general guidelines regarding the conditions that constitute an administrative adjustment or amendment to the UPWP.

Table 1-2
UPWP Amendment and Administrative Adjustment Guidelines

UPWP Administrative Adjustment

blank

UPWP Amendment

Reallocation of budget funds

blank

Addition or Removal of UPWP task(s)

Change in start/completion dates within the originally intended federal fiscal year(s)

blank

Change in start/completion dates, outside of originally intended federal fiscal year(s)

Adjustment to project scope

blank

Significant change in project scope, cost, and/or time allocation

 

All proposed administrative adjustments and amendments must be presented to the MPO for consultation prior to endorsement. Both adjustments and amendments must be voted on by the MPO members, and amendments must be released for 30-day public comment period prior to endorsement. Members of the public may attend and present comments at UPWP Committee meetings and MPO meetings, at which amendments and administrative modifications are discussed. Administrative modifications may be made by the MPO without a public review period, although this can be provided at the MPO’s discretion. When submitting the standard Budget Reallocation Request form to MassDOT’s Office of Transportation Planning (OTP), all fields must be filled out with clear indication that the MPO was consulted prior to submission. Back-up documentation must be submitted, including the UPWP description of the task(s) affected, original budget, revised budget, and justification for request.

A change to a project scope, budget, and/or project schedule is considered significant when it alters the original intent of the project or intended deliverables of the project.

Other Regionally-Significant Transportation Planning Studies

To provide a comprehensive perspective of transportation planning in the Boston region, the UPWP also includes a list of other major transportation planning activities in the region. This list includes projects that are not funded with the MPO’s planning funds, but which are being funded and implemented by individual transportation agencies, municipalities, or academic institutions. Often, these efforts also use the expertise and tools that CTPS is uniquely able to provide. These are described in Appendix A.

1.3      HOW IS THE WORK FUNDED?

The funding for the studies and programs included in this UPWP (presented in Chapters 5 through 8) comes from a variety of federal and state sources, as described below. The source of funds has important implications with regard to which agency or organization is responsible for programming them and for the MPO’s vote to approve both the UPWP and the subsequent work programs for the studies. The chapters of this UPWP are organized based on funding source: MPO-funded (3C-funded) studies and agency/other client-funded studies.


Table 1-3
FFY 2017 Unified Planning Work Program Budget—Summary of FFY 2018 Budgets for CTPS

3C Studies & Programs by Budget Categories

CTPS 3C PL Funds

CTPS Section 5303 Funds

Proposed FFY 2018 CTPS Budget

Administration and Resource Management Projects

 $        1,163,661

 $                     475,298

 $        1,638,959

MPO Certification Requirements

 

 $        1,186,715

 $                     462,007

 $        1,648,722

MPO Funded Planning Studies and Technical Analyses

 $           115,636

 $                       90,297

 $           205,933

New Discrete Studies

 

 

 $           440,200

 $                     264,800

 $           705,000

Direct Support

 

 

 

 $             60,000

 $                       23,000

 $             83,000

Total for CTPS 3C Studies and Programs (including salary, overhead, direct support)

 $        2,966,212

 $                  1,315,402

 $        4,281,614

Agency Funded CTPS Work

 

Agency Funds

Direct Support

Proposed FFY 2018 CTPS Budget

MassDOT SPR Funds

 

 

 $           364,876

 $                       12,500

 $           377,376

MassDOT Section 5303 Funds

 

 $           195,104

 $                         5,500

 $           200,604

MassDOT Other Funds

 

 

 $           297,100

 $                               0  

 $           297,100

MBTA Funds

 

 

 

 $           549,140

 $                            850

 $           549,990

Massport Funds

 

 

 

 $             49,500

 $                            500

 $             50,000

Other

 

 

 

 

 $           100,000

 

 $           100,000

Total for Agency-Funded Project Work

 $        1,555,720

 $                       19,350

 $        1,575,070

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CTPS Budget
(3C + Agency)

$5,856,684

 

 

Table 1-4
FFY 2017 Unified Planning Work Program Budget—Summary of FFY 2018 Budgets for MAPC

3C Studies & Programs by MAPC Budget Categories

MAPC PL Funds

MAPC Section 5303 Funds

Proposed FFY 2018 MAPC Budget

MAPC Planning Studies and Technical Analyses

 $           382,905

 $                     201,897

 $           584,802

MAPC Administration, Resource Management, and Support Activities

 $           319,051

 $                     125,400

 $           444,451

MAPC Total FFY 2018 Funds Programmed

 $           701,956

 $                     327,297

 $        1,029,253

 

 

Table 1-5: FFY 2018 Unified Planning Work Program Budget: 3C Budget and Overall Budget

Agency Supporting MPO/3C Works

3C PL Funds

Section 5303 Funds

Proposed FFY 2018 3C Budget

CTPS

 $          2,992,550

 $          1,289,065

 $           4,281,615

MAPC

$             701,956

 $             327,297

 $            1,029,253

3C Budget Subtotal by Funding Program

 $          3,694,506

 $          1,616,362

 $         6,885,938

 

 

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CHAPTER 2
Trans
portation Planning and the Boston Region MPO

This chapter explains the transportation-planning process in the Boston Region Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) area and the composition of the Boston Region MPO.

Decisions about how to spend transportation funds in a metropolitan area are guided by information and ideas garnered from a broad group of people, including elected officials, municipal planners and engineers, transportation advocates, and other interested people. MPOs are the bodies responsible for providing a forum for this decision-making process. Each metropolitan area in the United States with a population of 50,000 or more—also known as an urbanized area—has an MPO, which decides how to spend federal transportation funds for capital projects and planning studies for the area.

2.1      THE TRANSPORTATION PLANNING PROCESS

The federal government regulates the funding, planning, and operation of surface transportation through the federal transportation program (enacted into law through Titles 23 and 49 of United States Code). The most recent reauthorization of the surface transportation law is called the Fixing America’s Surface Transportation (FAST) Act.

FAST Act legislation, as with previous federal transportation laws, sets policies related to metropolitan transportation planning. The law requires all MPOs to carry out a continuing, comprehensive, and cooperative (3C) transportation-planning process.

2.1.1   3C Transportation Planning

Title 23, Section 134 of the Federal-Aid Highway Act and Section 5303 of the Federal Transit Act, as amended, require that urbanized areas, in order to be eligible for federal funds, conduct a 3C transportation-planning process, resulting in plans and programs consistent with the planning objectives of the metropolitan area. The Boston Region MPO is responsible for carrying out the 3C planning process in the Boston region and has established the following objectives for the process:

As part of its 3C process, the Boston Region MPO annually produces the Transportation Improvement Program (TIP) and the Unified Planning Work Program (UPWP). These documents, along with the quadrennial Long-Range Transportation Plan (LRTP), are referred to as Certification Documents (described in Section 2.1.2), and are required for the MPO’s process to be certified as meeting federal requirements; this certification is a prerequisite for receiving federal transportation funds. In addition to the requirement to produce the LRTP, TIP, and UPWP, the MPO must establish and conduct an inclusive public participation process, as well as maintain transportation models and data resources to support air quality conformity determinations and long- and short-range planning work and initiatives.

2.1.2   Certification Documents

An essential aspect of maintaining an open and transparent 3C transportation planning and programming process in conformance with federal and state requirements and guidelines is development of the MPO’s certification documents.

2.2      THE BOSTON REGION MPO

The Boston Region MPO consists of a 22 voting member board that includes state agencies, regional organizations, and municipalities; its jurisdiction extends from Boston north to Ipswich, south to Duxbury, and west to Interstate 495. There are 101 cities and towns that make up this area (see Chapter 1, Figure 1-1).

The permanent MPO voting members are:

The elected MPO voting members are municipalities. A municipality from each of the eight MAPC subregions has a seat, and there are four at-large municipal seats. The current elected members are:

In addition, FHWA and the FTA participate in the MPO as advisory (nonvoting) members. Figure 2-1 shows MPO membership and organization of the Central Transportation Planning Staff (CTPS) staff to the MPO. Details about MPO voting members are provided below.

MassDOT was established under Chapter 25 (“An Act Modernizing the Transportation Systems of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts”) of the Acts of 2009. It includes four divisions: Highway, Rail and Transit, Aeronautics, and Registry of Motor Vehicles. The MassDOT Board of Directors, comprised of 11 members appointed by the Governor, oversees all four divisions and MassDOT operations, including the MBTA. The MassDOT Board was expanded to 11 members by the legislature in 2015 based on a recommendation by Governor Baker’s Special Panel, comprised of transportation leaders, which was assembled to review structural problems with the MBTA and deliver recommendations for improvements. MassDOT has three seats on the MPO, including the Highway Division and the MBTA.

The Highway Division of MassDOT has jurisdiction over the roadways, bridges, and tunnels of the former Massachusetts Highway Department and the Massachusetts Turnpike Authority. The Highway Division also has jurisdiction over many bridges and parkways that previously were under authority of the Department of Conservation and Recreation. The Highway Division is responsible for the design, construction, and maintenance of the Commonwealth’s state highways and bridges. It is also responsible for overseeing traffic safety and engineering activities for the state highway system. These activities include operating the Highway Operations Control Center to ensure safe road and travel conditions.

The Rail and Transit Division oversees MassDOT’s freight and passenger rail program, and provides oversight of Massachusetts’s 15 regional transit authorities (RTAs), as well as intercity bus, MBTA paratransit (THE RIDE), and a statewide mobility-management effort.

The MBTA, created in 1964, is a body politic and corporate, and a political subdivision of the Commonwealth. Under the provisions of Chapter 161A of the Massachusetts General Laws (MGL), it has the statutory responsibility within its district of operating the public transportation system, preparing the engineering and architectural designs for transit development projects, and constructing and operating transit development projects. The MBTA district comprises 175 communities, including all of the 101 cities and towns of the Boston Region MPO area. In April 2015, as a result of a plan of action to improve the MBTA, a five-member Fiscal and Management Control Board (FMCB) was created. The FMCB will enforce new oversight and management support, and increase accountability over a three-to-five-year time frame. The goals will target governance, finance, and agency structure and operations through recommended executive and legislative actions that embrace transparency and develop stability in order to earn public trust. By statute, the MBTA FMCB consists of five members, one with experience in transportation finance, one with experience in mass transit operations and three who are also members of the MassDOT Board.

The MBTA Advisory Board was created by the Massachusetts Legislature in 1964 through the same legislation that created the MBTA. The Advisory Board consists of representatives of the 175 cities and towns that compose the MBTA district. Cities are represented by either the city manager or mayor, and towns are represented by the chairperson of the board of selectmen. Specific responsibilities of the Advisory Board include review of and comment on the MBTA’s long-range plan, the Program for Mass Transportation (PMT), proposed fare increases, and the annual MBTA Capital Investment Program; review of the MBTA’s documentation of net operating investment per passenger; and review of the MBTA’s operating budget. The MBTA Advisory Board advocates for the transit needs of its member communities and the riding public.

Massport has the statutory responsibility under Chapter 465 of the Acts of 1956, as amended, for planning, constructing, owning, and operating such transportation and related facilities as may be necessary for developing and improving commerce in Boston and the surrounding metropolitan area. Massport owns and operates Boston Logan International Airport, the Port of Boston’s Conley Terminal, Cruiseport Boston, Hanscom Field, Worcester Regional Airport, and various maritime/waterfront properties, including parks in East Boston, South Boston, and Charlestown.

MAPC is the regional planning agency for the 101 cities and towns in the MAPC/MPO region. It is composed of the chief executive officer (or her/his designee) of each of the 101 cities and towns in the MAPC region, 21 gubernatorial appointees, and 12 ex-officio members. It has statutory responsibility for comprehensive regional planning in its region under Chapter 40B of the MGL. It is the Boston Metropolitan Clearinghouse under Section 204 of the Demonstration Cities and Metropolitan Development Act of 1966 and Title VI of the Intergovernmental Cooperation Act of 1968. Also, its region has been designated an economic development district under Title IV of the Public Works and Economic Development Act of 1965, as amended. MAPC’s responsibilities for comprehensive planning encompass the areas of technical assistance to communities, transportation planning, and development of zoning, land use, demographic, and environmental studies. MAPC activities that are funded with federal metropolitan transportation planning dollars are included in this UPWP.

The city of Boston, six elected cities (currently Beverly, Braintree, Everett, Newton, Somerville, and Woburn), and six elected towns (currently Arlington, Bedford, Framingham, Lexington, Medway, and Norwood) represent the 101 municipalities in the Boston Region MPO area. The City of Boston is a permanent MPO member and has two seats. There is one elected municipal seat for each of the eight MAPC subregions and four seats for at-large elected municipalities (two cities and two towns). The elected at-large municipalities serve staggered three-year terms, as do the eight municipalities representing the MAPC subregions.

The Regional Transportation Advisory Council, the MPO’s citizen advisory group, provides the opportunity for transportation-related organizations, non-MPO member agencies, and municipal representatives to become actively involved in the decision-making processes of the MPO as it develops plans and prioritizes the implementation of transportation projects in the region. The Advisory Council reviews, comments on, and makes recommendations regarding certification documents. It also serves as a forum for providing information on transportation topics in the region, identifying issues, advocating for ways to address the region’s transportation needs, and generating interest among members of the general public in the work of the MPO.

Two members participate in the Boston Region MPO in an advisory (nonvoting) capacity, reviewing the LRTP, TIP, UPWP, and other facets of the MPO’s planning process to ensure compliance with federal planning and programming requirements:



This figure shows the organizational chart for the Boston Region Metropolitan Planning Organization and the Central Transportation Planning Staff.

 

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CHAPTER 3


Regulatory Framework

The Boston Region Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) plays a critical role in helping the region move closer to achieving federal, state, and regional transportation goals and policies. Therefore, a central step in producing the Unified Planning Work Program (UPWP) is ensuring that the MPO’s planning activities align with federal and state regulatory guidance. This chapter describes all of the regulations taken into consideration by the MPO during development of the federal fiscal year (FFY) 2018 UPWP.

3.1      FEDERAL REGULATIONS AND GUIDANCE

3.1.1   Fixing America’s Surface Transportation (FAST) Act: National Goals

The purpose of the national transportation goals (23 United States Code [USC] 150) is to increase the accountability and transparency of the Federal-Aid Highway Program as well as to improve decision-making through performance-based planning and programming. The national transportation goals include:

3.1.2   FAST Act: Planning Factors

Because transportation-planning studies are programmed for funding in the UPWP, specific consideration is given to the federal planning factors (23 USC 134). The FAST Act added two new planning factors to the eight factors established in the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU) transportation legislation. In accordance with the legislation, studies and strategies undertaken by the MPO shall 

Table 3-1 illustrates how studies and ongoing work conducted by the MPO and funded through federal formula grant programs address the federal planning factors.


TABLE 3-1
3C-funded UPWP Studies and Programs: Relationship to Federal Planning Factors

Federal Planning Factor

3C-funded Certification Activties

3C-funded Technical Analyses

3C-funded Planning Studies

3-C-funded Administration, Resource Management, and Transportation Data Collection

 

3C Planning and MPO Support

Long Range Transportation Plan

Transportation Improvement Program

Unified Planning Work Program (CTPS and MAPC)

Air Quality Conformity and Support Activities

Boston Region MPO Title VI Reporting

Congestion Management Process

Freight Planning Support

Environmental Equity/Environmental Justice Support

Bicycle/Pedestrian Support Activities

Community Transportation Technical Assistance

Regional Transit Service Planning Technical Assistance Program

Land Use Development Project Reviews

Bicycle Level-of-Service Metric

Transportation Mitigation of Major Development: Review of Strategies

Safety and Operations Analysis at Selected Intersections

Potential Impacts of Connected and Autonomous Vehicles

Travel Alternatives to Regional Traffic Bottlenecks

Addressing Safety, Mobility, and Access on Subregional Priority Roadways 2018

Addressing Priority Corridors from the Long-Range Transportation Plan Needs Assessment 2018

Community Transportation/Parking/Clean Air and Mobility Program Development

Review of and Guide To Regional Transit Signal Priority

MPO Staff-Generated Research Topics

Alternative Mode Planning and Coordination (MAPC)

MetroFuture Implementation (MAPC)

Corridor/Subarea Planning Studies (MAPC)

Access Advisory Committee Support

Provision of Materials in Accessible Formats

Regional Model Enhancement

Transit Data Support

Traffic Data Support

Roadway Safety Audits

MPO/MAPC Liaison Activities

Land Use Data for Transportation Modeling

Subregional Support Activities

                                                                 

1

Support the economic vitality of the metropolitan area, especially by enabling global competitiveness, productivity, and efficiency.

X

X

X

X

 

 

X

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

Increase the safety of the transportation system for all motorized and nonmotorized users.

X

X

X

X

 

 

X

 

 

X

X

 

 

X

 

X

X

X

X

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

X

X

 

 

 

3

Increase the ability of the transportation system to support homeland security and to safeguard the personal security of all motorized and nonmotorized users.

X

X

X

X

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

4

Increase accessibility and mobility of people and freight.

X

X

X

X

 

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

 

X

 

X

 

X

X

X

X

X

 

 

 

 

X

X

X

X

X

 

X

 

X

5

Protect and enhance the environment, promote energy conservation, improve the quality of life, and promote consistency between transportation improvements and state and local planned growth and economic development patterns.

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

 

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

 

X

X

X

X

 

 

 

 

 

X

X

X

X

X

X

6

Enhance the integration and connectivity of the transportation system, across and between modes, for people and freight.

X

X

X

X

 

 

X

X

X

X

X

X

 

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

X

X

 

 

 

X

7

Promote efficient system management and operation.

X

X

X

X

 

 

X

X

 

 

X

X

 

X

X

X

 

X

X

X

X

 

 

 

 

 

X

X

X

8

Emphasize the preservation of the existing transportation system.

X

X

X

X

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

X

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

X

 

 

 

 

9

Improve the resiliency and reliability of the transportation system and reduce or mitigate stormwater impacts of surface transportation.

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

10

Enhance travel and tourism.

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

3C = continuing, cooperative, and comprehensive transportation-planning process.  X = Applicable.



3.1.3   1990 Clean Air Act Amendments

Air quality conformity determinations must be performed for capital improvement projects that receive federal funding and for those that are considered regionally significant, regardless of the funding source. These determinations must show that projects in the MPO’s LRTP and TIP will not cause or contribute to any new air quality violations, will not increase the frequency or severity of any existing air quality violations in any area, and will not delay the timely attainment of air quality standards in any area.

In the most recent LRTP, Charting Progress to 2040, the air quality conformity determination concluded that the emissions levels from the Boston area carbon monoxide (CO) maintenance area, including emissions resulting from implementation of the LRTP, are in conformance with the State Implementation Plan (SIP) according to state and federal conformity criteria. Specifically, the CO emissions for the build scenarios of the MPO’s regional travel demand model set are less than the projections for analysis for the years 2020 through 2040 for the nine cities in the Boston CO maintenance area. In accordance with Section 176(c) (4) of the Clean Air Act as amended in 1990, the Boston Region MPO has completed this review and hereby certifies that the LRTP, and its latest conformity determination, conditionally conforms with federal (40 CFR Part 93) and Massachusetts (310 CMR 60.03) regulations and is consistent with the air quality goals in the Massachusetts SIP.

Transportation control measures (TCMs) identified in the SIP for attaining air quality standards are federally enforceable and must be given first priority when using federal funds. Such projects include the parking-freeze program in Boston, the statewide rideshare program, rapid transit and commuter rail extension programs, park-and-ride facilities, residential parking-sticker programs, and the operation of high-occupancy-vehicle lanes. The United States Environmental Protection Agency 40 CFR Parts 51 and 93 Conformity Regulation established the policy, criteria, and procedures for demonstrating air quality conformity in the MPO region. 

As of April 1, 2016, the Boston Region MPO has been classified as attainment for CO. Therefore, the MPO is in attainment for all of the criteria pollutants (ozone and CO) and is not required to perform air quality analyses for these pollutants as part of the LRTP and TIP. The MPO, however, is still required to report on the TCMs as part of air quality conformity determinations in these documents. In addition, the MPO is still required to perform air quality analyses for carbon dioxide as part of the state’s Global Warming Solutions Act (see below).

3.1.4   Non-discrimination Mandates

The Boston Region MPO complies with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the American with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA), and other federal and state non-discrimination statutes and regulations in all programs and activities. The MPO, as well as its plans and programs, does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, English-language proficiency, income, religious creed, ancestry, disability, age, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, or military service. The major federal requirements are discussed below.

Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964

This statute requires that no person be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination on the basis of race, color, or national origin, under any program or activity provided by an agency receiving federal financial assistance.

Executive Order 13166, dated August 11, 2000, extends Title VI protections to persons who, as a result of national origin, have limited English-language proficiency (LEP). Specifically, it calls for improved access to federally conducted and federally assisted programs and activities, and requires MPOs to develop and implement a system by which LEP persons can meaningfully participate in the transportation-planning process.

MPO activities that meet these requirements are discussed in the Boston Region MPO Title VI Report, the Massachusetts Department of Transportation (MassDOT) Title VI Program, and the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) Title VI Program Monitoring. These projects are discussed in more detail in Chapters 5 and 7.

Environmental Justice Executive Orders

Executive Order 12898, dated February 11, 1994, further expands upon Title VI, requiring each federal agency to achieve environmental justice by identifying and addressing any disproportionately high adverse human health or environmental effects, including interrelated social and economic effects, of its programs, policies, and activities on minority or low-income populations.

On April 15, 1997, the U.S. Department of Transportation (US DOT) issued its Final Order to Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations. Among other provisions, this order requires programming and planning activities to

The 1997 Final Order was updated in 2012 with DOT Order 5610.2(a), which provided clarification while maintaining the original framework and procedures.

The ADA

Title III of the ADA requires all transportation projects, plans, and programs to be accessible to people with disabilities. At the MPO level, this means that public meetings must be held in accessible buildings and be conducted in a manner that provides for accessibility. MPO materials must also be made available in accessible formats.

Executive Order 13330

Executive Order 13330, dated February 26, 2004, calls for the establishment of the Interagency Transportation Coordinating Council on Access and Mobility under the aegis of the US Secretary of Transportation. This executive order reinforces both environmental justice and ADA requirements by charging the council with developing policies and methods for improving access for persons with disabilities or low incomes, and the elderly.

3.2      STATE GUIDANCE AND TRANSPORTATION PRIORITIES

As described in Chapters 6 through 8, much of the work funded through the UPWP focuses on encouraging mode shift and diminishing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions through improving transit service, enhancing bicycle and pedestrian networks, and studying emerging transportation technologies. All of this work helps the Boston Region contribute to statewide progress towards the priorities discussed in this section.

3.2.1   You Move Massachusetts and We Move Massachusetts

You Move Massachusetts, a statewide initiative designed as a bottom-up approach to transportation planning, developed ten core themes derived from a broad-based public participation process that articulated the expressed concerns, needs, and aspirations of Massachusetts residents that are related to their transportation network. These themes were considered in the development of this UPWP.

We Move Massachusetts (WMM) is MassDOT’s statewide strategic multimodal plan. The initiative is a product of the transportation reform legislation of 2009, You Move Massachusetts civic engagement process, wider outreach to environmental justice and Title VI communities, and other outreach activities. In May 2014, MassDOT released We Move Massachusetts: Planning for Performance, the Commonwealth of Massachusetts’ 2040 LRTP. WMM identifies high-level policy priorities that were considered in the development of this UPWP. WMM also incorporates performance management into investment decision-making to calculate the differences in performance outcomes resulting from different funding levels available to MassDOT. In the future, MassDOT will use the scenario tool, described in WMM, to update and refine investment priorities.

3.2.2   Global Warming Solutions Act

The Global Warming Solutions Act (GWSA) makes Massachusetts a leader in setting aggressive and enforceable GHG reduction targets and implementing policies and initiatives to achieve these targets. In keeping with this law, the Massachusetts Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs, in consultation with other state agencies and the public, developed the Massachusetts Clean Energy and Climate Plan for 2020. This implementation plan, released on December 29, 2010, establishes the following targets for overall statewide GHG emissions:

3.2.3   GreenDOT

GreenDOT, an initiative that MassDOT launched in June 2010, is a comprehensive environmental responsibility and sustainability policy that has three primary objectives:

GreenDOT applies to MassDOT divisions and contractors, as well as to Massachusetts’s MPOs and regional transit authorities. It responds to several critical laws and policies, including:

The GreenDOT Implementation Plan serves as the framework for incorporating the sustainability principles of GreenDOT into MassDOT’s core business practices. The plan details 16 broad sustainability goals and related measurable tasks and performance indicators.

3.2.4   MassDOT’s Statewide Mode-Shift Goal

MassDOT’s statewide mode-shift goal aims to triple the current mode shares of bicycling, public transit, and walking by 2030. The statewide mode-shift goal is an important part of MassDOT’s strategy for meeting the Commonwealth’s commitments under the GWSA. In 2013, MassDOT built upon the mode shift goal by passing the Healthy Transportation Policy Directive to formalize its commitment to the implementation and maintenance of transportation networks that serve all modes. The directive will ensure that all MassDOT projects are designed and implemented in a way that provides all customers with access to safe and comfortable walking, bicycling, and transit options.

3.2.5   Healthy Transportation Compact

The HTC is a key requirement of the Massachusetts landmark transportation reform legislation that took effect on November 1, 2009. It is an interagency initiative that will help ensure that the transportation decisions the Commonwealth makes balance the needs of all transportation users, expand mobility, improve public health, support a cleaner environment, and create stronger communities.

Participating agencies work together to achieve positive health outcomes by coordinating land use, transportation, and public health policy. HTC membership is made up of the Secretary of Transportation or designee (co-chair), the Secretary of Health and Human Services or designee (co-chair), the Secretary of Energy and Environmental Affairs or designee, the MassDOT Highway Administrator or designee, the MassDOT Transit Administrator or designee, the Commissioner of Public Health or designee, and the Secretary of Housing and Economic development or designee. The HTC will also promote improved coordination among the public sector, private sector, and advocacy groups, as well as among transportation, land use, and public health stakeholders.

3.3      REGIONAL GUIDANCE AND TRANSPORTATION PRIORITIES

3.3.1   The MBTA’s Program for Mass Transportation (PMT)

In 2009, the MBTA adopted its current Program for Mass Transportation (PMT). The PMT was developed with extensive public involvement and was approved by the MBTA Advisory Board.

The next PMT, Focus40, is under development. Focus40 is the 25-year investment plan to position the MBTA to meet the needs of the greater Boston Region in 2040. The Focus40 process will create a long-term investment vision that recognizes current infrastructure challenges and shifting demographics, changing climate, and evolving technology that may alter the role that the MBTA will play in greater Boston in the future. Focus40 will 1) emphasize performance and reliability; 2) support economic growth; 3) support inclusive growth; 4) support climate change mitigation and adaptation; and 5) provide a seamless multimodal experience.

In 2016, the Focus40 team examined the existing conditions and future context for the transit system, developed goals, collected feedback and ideas for improvements through an extensive public-engagement process. During 2017, the team will finalize Focus40’s framework and objectives, propose programs and strategies that align with that framework, develop a recommended strategy, and finalize the plan. Recommendations from Focus40 will support MassDOT’s capital investment plans. The Boston Region MPO continues to monitor development of Focus40 to inform its decision-making about transit capital investments.

3.3.2   MetroFuture

MetroFuture, which was developed by MAPC and adopted in 2008, is the long-range plan for land use, housing, economic development, and environmental preservation in the Boston region. It includes a vision for the region’s future and a set of strategies for achieving that vision, and is the foundation for land use projections used in the MPO’s LRTP, Charting Progress to 2040. Work being done to support MetroFuture implementation and updates is detailed in the MetroFuture Implementation project description in Chapter 6. MetroFuture’s goals, objectives, and strategies were considered in developing this UPWP.

3.3.3   The MPO’s Congestion Management Process (CMP)

The purpose of the CMP is to monitor and analyze performance of facilities and services, develop strategies for managing congestion based on the results of monitoring, and move those strategies into the implementation stage by providing decision-makers in the region with information and recommendations for improving the transportation system’s performance. The CMP monitors roadways and park-and-ride facilities in the MPO region for safety, congestion, and mobility, and identifies “problem” locations. Studies that help address problems identified in the most recent CMP monitoring were considered for inclusion in this UPWP, including Priority Corridors for LRTP Needs Assessment: FFY 2018. Work that is currently being performed in accordance with the FFY 2018 CMP is detailed in Chapter 5.

 

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Chapter 4
Federal Fiscal Years 2015–2017 Completed Studies

4.1      TRACKING STUDY PROGRESS

In order to accurately plan each Unified Planning Work Program (UPWP), the Boston Region Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) must gain an understanding of the status of the previous year’s studies and work activities. For example, some studies that began in one federal fiscal year (FFY) may carry over into the following FFY. The budgetary and staff requirements for these “carry-over” studies are factored into decision-making about the type and number of new studies that MPO staff can undertake in the upcoming FFY.

Similarly, the budgetary and staffing needs of ongoing programs—those required to maintain certification as an MPO and support MPO functioning (such as the Congestion Management Process and Regional Model Enhancement), as well as the ongoing programs in which MPO staff conduct technical transportation planning work for communities (such as Bicycle and Pedestrian Support Activities)—can fluctuate from one FFY to another. These changes are based, in part, on varying work levels for certification requirements (for example, the Long-Range Transportation Plan (LRTP) is developed over the course of four years), as well as varying demands for work and assistance under the MPO’s ongoing technical programs.

In general, throughout the UPWP’s development, the MPO tracks a study’s progress according to the three categories cited below.

This chapter summarizes completed studies only; the other study categories, as described above, are presented in their corresponding chapters.

4.2      PROJECT BUDGET TABLES AND WORK PRODUCTS

Table 4-1 summarizes the budgets, work products, and activities for studies that were funded in FFYs 2015 through 2017 and are expected to be complete by the end of FFY 2017. Each table includes the project name, the MPO project identification number, the funding amount from each of the federal formula grants—Federal Highway Administration continuing, cooperative, and comprehensive [3C] Planning [PL] funds and Federal Transit Administration/Massachusetts Department of Transportation 3C Planning [§ 5303] funds—total funding, and work products, including reports, technical memoranda, and other accomplishments during the study period.

Please note that some titles of these products and activities may change as they are finalized. All certification documents and many other work products are, or will be, available for download from the MPO website (www.bostonmpo.org). Work products not found on the MPO website may be requested by contacting the Central Transportation Planning Staff (CTPS) at 857-702-3700 (voice), 617-570-9193 (TTY), or ctps@ctps.org (email). Metropolitan Area Planning Council (MAPC) work products can be found at www.mapc.org.

 

Table 4-1
FFY 2015 to FFY 2017 Completed MPO-Funded Transportation-Planning Studies

Name ID FHWA PL Funds FTA Section 5303 Funds Total Budget Work Products
FFY 2017 Studies FFY 2016 Studies FFY 2016 Studies FFY 2016 Studies FFY 2016 Studies Final white paper/report summarizing the study findings
Planning for Autonomous and Connected Vehicles 13277 $35,500 $14,500 $50,000 Presentation to MPO board of the most promising set of recommended practices, policies, and approaches to GHG reduction

Final white paper/report summarizing the study findings
Study of Promising GHG-Reduction Strategies 13279 $39,050 $15,590 $55,000 Presentation of research to MPO board

Final white paper/report summarizing the study findings
Using General Transit Feed Specification Data to Find Shared Bus Route Segments with Excessively Irregular Headways 13278 $0 $25,000 $25,000 White paper: Summary of Methodology and Results: Even Headways along the Trunk Sections of the MBTA Bus Network
Regional Transit Service Planning Technical Assistance 14342 $0 $35,210 $35,210 Technical Memorandum: Travel Time Impacts to Bus Riders from Priority Treatments at Alewife MBTA Station
MPO Staff-Generated Research Topics 20901 $18,632 $11,375 $30,000 Technical Memoranda
FFY 2016 Studies FFY 2015 Studies FFY 2015 Studies FFY 2015 Studies FFY 2015 Studies FFY 2015 Studies
Pedestrian Level-of-Service Metric Development 13273 $45,000 $0 $45,000 Pedestrian Level-of-Service - memorandum
Addressing Safety, Mobility, and Access on Subregional Priority Roadways FFY 2016 13270 $77,000 $33,000 $110,000 Route 20 East Corridor Study in Marlborough - Report
Priority Corridors for LRTP Needs Assessment: FFY 2016 13271 $77,000 $33,000 $110,000 Route 1A-Vinnin Square Priority Corridor Study in Marblehead, Salem, and Swampscott - Report
Safety and Operations Analysis at Selected Intersections: FFY 2016 13272 $45,500 $19,500 $65,000 Two memos - Chelsea and Peabody
Identifying Opportunities to Alleviate Bus Delay* 11400 $0 $65,000 $65,000 Report: Identifying Opportunities to Alleviate Bus Delay
FFY 2015 Studies          
Core Capacity Constraints* 23326 $50,000 $70,000 $120,000 Report containing summaries of stakeholder interviews and mitigation strategies, transit and roadway crowding analyses for current and future year scenarios, identification of large development projects to be included in the future year build scenario, and development of new crowding analysis methodology
Fairmount Line Station-Access Analysis* 11249 $36,575 $15,675 $52,250 Report: Fairmount Line Station-Access Analysis
Bicycle Network Gap Study* 11250 $55,000 $0 $55,000 Technical Memoranda evaluating:
• Mass Central Rail Trail in Waltham, Weston, and Belmont
• Sudbury Aqueduct Trail in Framingham
• Central Square in Cambridge
Barriers and Opportunities Influencing Mode Shift* 11148 $47,641 $20,417 $68,058 Report: Exploring the 2011
Massachusetts Travel Survey:
Barriers and Opportunities Influencing Mode Shift
Household-Survey-Based Policy Topics: Travel Profiles/Trends* 11152 $48,000 $27,000 $75,000 Exploring the 2011 Massachusetts Travel Survey:
MPO Travel Profiles
TOTAL blank $337,682 $151,965 $489,647 blank

Note: All budgets include both the federal portion and the MassDOT local match.

FFY = federal fiscal year. FHWA = Federal Highway Administration. FTA = Federal Transit Administration. LRTP = Long-Range Transportation Plan. MPO = Metropolitan Planning Organization. PL = Federal Highway Administration transportation planning funds. TREDIS = Transportation Economic Development Impact System.

*This study was originally programmed for closeout during FFY 2016 in the FFY 2017 UPWP.

 

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Chapter 5
Certification Requirements

5.1      Introduction

The projects described in this chapter are categorized as certification requirements because they include work that the Boston Region Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) must do to maintain its certification by Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) and the Federal Transit Administration (FTA). The projects also include activities that are necessary to comply with federal and state laws, such as the federal Clean Air Act Amendments, Title VI of the federal Civil Rights Act, and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.

The budget tables for the individual projects in this chapter describe the salary and overhead costs associated with these projects. Any direct costs associated with the projects are included in the Direct Support budget table in Chapter 8, Administration, Resource Management, and Support Activities.

Table 5-1 summarizes the funding in federal fiscal year (FFY) 2017 and FFY 2018 as well as the work progress and products for the ongoing programs conducted as part of the MPO’s certification requirements. Although many of these programs generally comprise the same type of task from year to year, often there are variations in budgets that reflect greater or lesser emphasis in certain efforts. For example, MPO staff may undertake new or additional data collection and/or analysis under specific line items; the tasks undertaken as part of one line item in one year may be folded into an ongoing activity in a subsequent year; or, there simply may be fluctuations in staffing levels. Where appropriate, these differences are explained in the table.

Table 5-1: FFY 2017/FFY 2018 Certification Requirements

Project Name

ID

FFY 2017 PL Funding

FFY 2017 §5303 Funding

FFY 2017 Total Funding

FFY 2017 Work Progress and Products

FFY 2018
PL Funding

FFY 2018 §5303 Funding

FFY 2018 Total Funding

FFY 2018 Planned Work Progress and Products

CTPS Activities

Support to the MPO and its Committees

9118

$183,088

$74,782

$257,870

Prepared meeting and information materials—including agendas, minutes, notices, document translations, memoranda, reports, correspondence, summaries, and website content, as well as maps, charts, illustrations, and other visual materials—as needed to support MPO discussion and actions. Meeting materials are posted in digital form on the MPO meeting calendar webpage and hard copies are provided at meetings.

Continued to support the meetings and activities of the MPO board, the MPO committees, and the Regional Transportation Advisory Council.

Conducted communications with the public, including use of email, Twitter, and publishing TRANSREPORT as a web blog. Hosted public meetings and attended additional outreach events, including support to subregional municipal groups. Language translations are provided for vital documents. Amended the Public Participation Plan.

Conducted planning to support compliance with federal requirements and guidance, including coordination with neighboring MPOs and federal partners.

$165,294

$64,066

$229,360

Activities generally remain the same from year to year, with enhancements and improvements. Preparations for a certification review may begin in late FFY 2018.

Long Range Transportation Plan (LRTP)

8118

$207,882

$84,909

$292,791

• Updated details and analyses in the current Needs Assessment to supply the most current information to the MPO and the public.

• Continued to expand the MPO's scenario planning capabilities using the regional travel demand model set and other tools. Continue to conduct and report the results of scenario analyses.

• Worked with MassDOT, the MBTA, and other stakeholders to monitor performance-based planning and programming requirements, establish measures and baselines, and set targets.

• Conducted outreach on LRTP-related activities, including scenario planning, Needs Assessment updates, and development of performance-measures and targets.

$267,854

$103,816

$371,670

• Continue to update details and analyses in the current Needs Assessment.

• Continue to expand the MPO's scenario planning capabilities using the regional travel demand model set and other tools. Continue to conduct and report the results of scenario analyses.

• Continue to monitor performance-based planning and programming requirements, establish measures and baselines, set targets, and collaborate with relevant stakeholders.

• Conduct outreach on activities related to the LRTP and performance-based planning and progamming.

• Process an amendment to the LRTP, if necessary.

Transportation Improvement Program (TIP)

8218

$117,036

$47,804

$164,840

Development of the FFY 2018 to FFY 2022 TIP.

Preparation of TIP amendments and administrative modifications, including revised TIP tables and outreach materials.

Outreach to municipalities in the region through open house events, MAPC subregional meetings, and correspondence with municipal TIP contacts and chief elected officials.

Updates to the online TIP Interactive Database and project databases.

Analysis and reporting on performance measures and performance-based planning.

$145,288

$56,312

$201,600

Activities generally remain the same from year to year, with enhancements and improvements.

Unified Planning Work Program (UPWP)

8318

$87,472

$35,728

$123,200

Development of the FFY 2018 UPWP.

Outreach to municipalities in the region through open house events, MAPC subregional meetings, and conversations with agencies to develop study ideas for the UPWP.

Outreach to the Regional Transportation Advisory Council to develop study ideas for the UPWP and to educate and inform the council about the UPWP products and process.

$81,098

$31,432

$112,530

Activities generally remain the same from year to year, with enhancements and improvements. Maintain the UPWP Study Recommendations database.

Air Quality Conformity and Support Activities

8418

$20,547

$8,393

$28,940

Conducted air quality analyses, including greenhouse gas analyses, for projects to be considered for funding in the TIP, as well as for those to be considered for Congestion Management and Air Quality (CMAQ) funding.

Updated air quality emission factors using the latest emission factors software.

Attended State Implementation Plan (SIP) meetings for updates on state air quality legislation.

Provided support to MassDOT on air-quality matters.

$26,953

$10,477

$37,400

Activities generally remain the same from year to year.

Transportation Equity Program (including MPO Title VI Reporting)

8518

$129,360

Provided annual update to MassDOT/FHWA.
Provided triennial report to MassDOT/FTA.

$105,522

$40,898

$146,420

Formerly called the Transportation Equity/Environmental Justice Program.
Reporting activities may vary from year to year, depending on MassDOT requirements.

Congestion Management Process

2118

$70,915

$28,965

$99,880

Online Dashboards: New versions of the express highway performance dashboard and the arterial dashboards were created that represent 2015 INRIX data. A new feature was added to the express highway performance dashboard that showed the change in travel speeds between 2012 and 2015.
MBTA Park and Ride/Bicycle parking monitoring has commenced. This data collection effort will continue through fall 2018.
Technical memorandum: “Transit Bus Performance Monitoring”

$80,634

$31,261

$111,895

MBTA Bicycle Parking/MBTA Park and Ride Lot monitoring data collection will continue into FFY 2018.
Additional analysis of 2015 INRIX dataset may be conducted in FFY 2018

Freight Planning Support

2218

$51,200

$51,200

Technical memorandum: "Proposed Critical Urban Freight Corridors" Technical memorandum: "Height and Weight Restrictions Impacting Truck Travel"

$55,600

$0

$55,600

Work with federal and state partners on clean diesel, rest locations, and freight data analysis. Continue stakeholder outreach and truck model improvement.

MAPC Activities

UPWP

$7,000

$3,000

$10,000

$7,000

$3,000

$10,000

5.2      Certification Requirement Activities

This section describes the certification requirement activities and plans that MPO staff conducts during the FFY. 

 

3C Planning and MPO Support

Project ID Number

See Individual Tasks Below

FHWA 3C PL Funds

$440,245

FTA Section 5303 Funds

$177,837

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$611,610

Note: FTA and FHWA funds include the MassDOT local match.

 

Purpose

The work described below consists of the 3C activities that support the federally mandated transportation-planning process that is continuing, comprehensive, and cooperative. This process creates numerous products and materials and furthers MPO operations and decision-making.

Approach

The activities included in this category of certification requirements are separated into the specific work areas detailed below.

SUPPORT TO THE MPO

Project ID 9117: Support to the MPO and Its Committees

The work task Support to the MPO and Its Committees includes implementing MPO policies on planning and programming, planning and coordinating delivery of information for MPO decision-making, and supporting the work and operation of the MPO and its committees. It involves providing support for MPO meeting management and planning, delivering MPO communications, and implementing various aspects of the MPO’s public participation program.

Some tasks related to MPO meetings, MPO committee meetings, Regional Transportation Advisory Council (Advisory Council) meetings, and other MPO-sponsored meetings include:

Technical and process support is provided to the MPO’s Unified Planning Work Program (UPWP) Committee, Administration and Finance (A&F) Committee, Congestion Management Process (CMP) Committee, and other ad hoc committees that are formed as needed.

This work program also includes consultation with other entities and agencies involved with or interested in 3C planning activities, collaboration with other Massachusetts MPOs (with more detailed coordination with those in the Boston Region urbanized area), and communication with Metropolitan Area Planning Council (MAPC) subregional groups.

MPO support also includes conducting metropolitan transportation planning and implementing planning activities for the MPO. The goal of this work is to ensure compliance with federal regulations and requirements and to provide excellence in transportation planning processes, techniques, and outcomes. The work involves researching, analyzing, and reporting information on 3C planning topics, including those identified in federal reauthorization legislation, and issues related to other federal policies, regulations, and guidance. It also involves responding to federal recommendations or requirements for certification documents or MPO certification, and incorporating new requirements into the MPO’s 3C program. MPO staff will continue to implement Fixing America’s Surface Transportation (FAST) Act requirements (see Chapter 2 and Chapter 3) as guidance from this federal legislation is communicated to the MPO, and staff will also be prepared to implement future legislation.

Other activities include day-to-day oversight of 3C ­program-related activities, reports on the progress of projects listed in the UPWP, collecting and fielding day­to­day comments and inquiries, and responding to requests for information and support.

Project ID 9317: Regional Transportation Advisory Council Support

The Advisory Council is the MPO’s citizens’ advisory committee. MPO staff provides operations support to this body and its subcommittees. This includes planning programs and meetings, scheduling speakers, and preparing and distributing agendas, meeting notices, informational packets, and meeting minutes. It also includes helping to conduct meetings; attending and making presentations at meetings; organizing and conducting field trips; soliciting new members; implementing and updating the bylaws; coordinating other activities, such as Advisory Council elections; and maintaining contact lists.

MPO staff regularly provides information, updates, and briefings on MPO activities, studies, and reports; requests and coordinates comments on MPO documents; and works with the Advisory Council and its committees as they conduct their programs, planning, and reviews.

Project ID 9617.04: TRANSREPORT

The MPO’s electronic newsletter (blog), TRANSREPORT, is an important part of the MPO’s public involvement program. MPO staff is responsible for soliciting, researching, and writing articles about MPO studies and activities. This work includes managing all aspects of the blog’s production: writing and editing, creating graphics, proofreading, and distributing the newsletter via email (and US mail, upon request).

Project ID 9617: Public Participation Process

MPO staff implements the MPO’s Public Participation Program according to the MPO’s Public Participation Plan. The program includes coordinating and implementing the MPO’s public outreach activities, which are opportunities to involve all members of the public, including:

This program provides information to these parties and collects input from them for the MPO to use in its planning, decision-making, and development of certification documents, including programming the region’s transportation funding. The program supplements the involvement of the Regional Transportation Advisory Council.

Communication is ongoing and conducted through a variety of means.

In FFY 2018, the MPO will continue to refine its Public Participation Process, implementing tactics designed to break down barriers to participation for groups currently underrepresented in the planning process. Activities may include:

The MPO’s Public Participation Program also involves consultations as specified in federal guidance; arranging, upon request, for the provision of American Sign Language (ASL) and other language interpretation services at meetings; and providing public participation support to MPO member entities.

OTHER 3C PLANNING SUPPORT ACTIVITIES

Project ID 9117.09: Professional Development

MPO staff maintains its technical expertise in part by participating in courses, programs, and workshops offered by FHWA, the FTA, the Transportation Research Board (TRB), the Association of Metropolitan Planning Organizations (AMPO), the Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE), and other public and private organizations. Previous professional development endeavors have related to topics such as performance-based planning, traffic engineering issues and applications, regional modeling, bicycle/pedestrian issues, transit planning, public involvement, environmental justice, air quality, computer operations and maintenance, database applications, and other areas related to the provision of technical support services.

Project ID 9117.07: General Graphics

Graphics support will be provided by MPO staff to MPO agencies. This includes designing and producing maps, charts, illustrations, report covers, brochures, slides, and photographs; applying other visualization techniques; and creating other products that improve communication.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

Staff will prepare materials—including agendas, minutes, notices, document translations, memoranda, reports, correspondence, summaries, and website postings, as well as maps, charts, illustrations and other visual materials—as needed; continue to support the MPO and its committees and the Regional Transportation Advisory Council; conduct communications with the public, including publishing TRANSREPORT; conduct planning to support compliance with federal requirements and guidance; engage in professional-development activities; and remain prepared for unforeseen initiatives as they arise.

Note: The above activities support all other projects in this UPWP in compliance with the 3C planning process. They foster implementation of MPO policies, federal planning factors and guidance, and all applicable orders and requirements, including Executive Order 13166 (governing outreach to persons with limited English-language proficiency). These activities are supported by the Provision of Materials in Accessible Formats project.


 

Long-Range Transportation Plan

Project ID Number

8118

FHWA 3C PL Funds

$267,854

FTA Section 5303 Funds

$103,816

FFY 2017 Total Budget

$371,670

Note: FTA and FHWA funds include the MassDOT local match.

Purpose

Under the current federal transportation funding legislation, Fixing America’s Surface Transportation Act (FAST Act), a new Long-Range Transportation Plan (LRTP) must be produced every four years.

The LRTP guides transportation system investments for the Boston metropolitan region for at least the next 20 years. The MPO adopted its most recent LRTP, Charting Progress to 2040, in August 2015. This LRTP serves as the Boston Region MPO’s guiding document: it establishes regional goals and objectives that the MPO will use for future decision-making.

While the latest quadrennial LRTP document was endorsed in FFY 2015, the MPO’s continuing, comprehensive, and cooperative planning process—including its long-range planning activities—is ongoing. The MPO’s robust LRTP development program helps meet Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP­21) and FAST Act requirements, which include measuring and tracking performance of the region’s transportation system and the effectiveness of MPO programming in meeting regional goals. This program also supports scenario planning to generate data for decision-making.

Approach

LRTP Needs Assessment

The Needs Assessment has become a foundational resource for the MPO’s transportation planning work. Staff developed a Needs Assessment as part of Charting Progress to 2040; it is available to the public via the Needs Assessment application on the MPO’s website. In FFY 2018, staff will continue to update the Needs Assessment with new information as it becomes available. Staff also will perform additional analyses to keep the Needs Assessment current, and will use this information for future studies, reports, and deliberations. The updated information will be made available to the public via the website. Data from the Needs Assessment will support two of the MPO’s initiatives: its scenario planning activities and its performance-based planning and programming (PBPP) practice.

In FFY 2018, staff will use output from the Needs Assessment to develop and analyze land use and transportation options and scenarios. This information also will be used to monitor performance measures, set MPO performance targets, evaluate progress toward them, and track other indicators of interest.

The LRTP and Performance-Based Planning

The Transportation Improvement Program (TIP) and LRTP programs work together to support the MPO’s performance-based planning program. The MPO adopted its goals and objectives and identified an initial set of performance measures in FFY 2015 as part of developing Charting Progress to 2040; these were used for scenario planning and evaluating LRTP projects and programs.  

Since Charting Progress to 2040 was adopted, FHWA and the FTA have finalized rules and plans that specify federally required performance measures for which states, MPOs, and public transportation providers will track trends and develop targets. In FFY 2017, the MPO coordinated with MassDOT, the MBTA, other Massachusetts MPOs, and other stakeholders to understand and respond to new PBPP requirements. The MPO also gathered information and data to begin setting targets for federally required performance measures and to establish other measures that the MPO will monitor. The MPO also developed reporting tools, particularly its online performance dashboard, to describe how the Boston region’s transportation system performs in various areas.  

In FFY 2018, the MPO will expand its PBPP practice as components of the LRTP and TIP programs. Staff will review the MPO’s performance measures used in FFYs 2015–2017 under the LRTP program and continue to work with the MPO to establish a set of performance measures for ongoing monitoring and reporting. This suite of measures will include those specified in FHWA and FTA requirements and guidance. Other measures may be based on new Massachusetts Department of Transportation (MassDOT) measures or emerging data sources, or those identified by the MPO. Staff will continue to develop baseline information and a set of targets for the MPO’s performance-based planning. The MPO will use the performance measures as part of LRTP and TIP development and to track how well TIP-implemented projects and programs are helping to meet the region’s targets and goals.

In the Boston Region MPO, future LRTPs and TIPs will each include a performance report that describes the MPO’s progress towards its targets and the trends of non-target indicators of interest. The LRTP will report progress at the systems and project levels, as applicable, and will include a full assessment of progress made toward the region’s goals and targets. The TIP will report on project-level performance and the results of system-level analysis, as applicable, and will describe the anticipated effect of programmed projects towards meeting established targets. Each LRTP and TIP will provide an opportunity to review and document progress in meeting performance goals and, if needed, make programmatic adjustments to meet those goals.

In the future, the MPO will review measures and targets on an ongoing basis and make revisions as needed. LRTP program work in FFY 2018 and future years will include pre-planning for data needs to support performance-based planning. Staff will continue to coordinate internally and externally, as needed, to understand data availability, determine future data needs, and set a plan for meeting those needs.

The LRTP and Scenario Planning

In 2015, the MPO began the ongoing practice of using model-based planning tools and off-model processes to generate forecasts and information about regional conditions and future needs as part of Charting Progress to 2040, which it continued in 2016. These tools assess the effects of potential options for changes to the transportation network. The MPO plans to use this information to make policy and capital investment decisions. Throughout FFY 2018, staff will build on its previous work and identify one or more opportunities to explore options and compare various alternative scenarios to understand impacts on transportation, air quality, climate change, mode shift, the economy, and land use better. Using these tools will provide additional and more substantive answers to various planning questions.

Some of this work also may explore policy related implications. In this way, the LRTP program serves as an ongoing resource for current information, insights, and analysis for all those involved in managing and improving the regional transportation network.

Laying the Groundwork for the Next LRTP

Prior to the next LRTP endorsement year (FFY 2019), staff will research, plan, coordinate with interested parties, and review investment priorities. Through ongoing performance-based and scenario planning, MPO staff will generate information that will help guide the investment strategies for the next LRTP. The LRTP program plays an important role in keeping the MPO abreast of current state­of-the-practice communications and planning tools and approaches.

In collaboration with MAPC, the MPO will explore effective ways to gather information, understand the region’s needs, and analyze transportation and land use options. As part of FFY 2018 activity, staff will research best practices in metropolitan transportation planning and other facets of planning.

LRTP Amendments

If any changes are made to regionally significant projects in the FFYs 2018–2022 TIP, an amendment to the LRTP might be required. Staff will prepare the informational materials for MPO decision-making and follow MPO procedures for informing and involving the public.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

 

Transportation Improvement Program

Project ID Number

8218

FHWA 3C PL Funds

$145,288

FTA Section 5303 Funds

$56,312

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$201,600

Note: FTA and FHWA funds include the MassDOT local match.

Purpose

The Boston Region MPO’s TIP presents a multiyear, financially constrained program of planned investments in the metropolitan area’s transportation system. Although federal regulations require the TIP to be updated every four years, Massachusetts and its MPOs are committed to producing annual updates.

Approach

Development of the FFYs 2019−2023 TIP

MPO staff coordinates the collection of TIP project-funding requests, evaluates the requests, proposes programming of current and new projects based on anticipated funding levels, supports the MPO in its decision-making about programming those funds, develops a draft document, and facilitates public review of the draft document before the MPO endorses the final TIP.

Outreach and Compilation of the Universe of Projects

MPO staff communicates with the 101 cities and towns in the region through TIP workshops, MAPC subregional meetings with municipalities, and correspondence with municipal TIP contacts and chief elected officials to gather information on existing and new TIP funding requests. MPO staff compiles the projects into a Universe of Projects list for the MPO.

Project Evaluation

The MPO uses TIP project evaluation criteria to identify projects that will help the region attain the vision, goals, and objectives established by the LRTP. The MPO’s evaluation criteria enhance decision-making for transportation projects in the region by establishing a transparent, inclusive, and data-driven process.

Staff Recommendation

Staff develops a recommendation that proposes how to prioritize the MPO’s Regional Target funding. Typically staff prepares a First-Tier List of Projects using the results of the evaluation ratings and project-readiness information. Staff then develops recommendations, giving strong consideration to the First­-Tier List of Projects while also balancing equity of investments across the region and accounting for cost (to comply with the fiscal-constraint requirement).

In addition to preparing a recommendation, MPO staff also prepares and presents the Statewide Infrastructure Items and Bridge Programs and the capital programs for the MBTA, the Cape Ann Transportation Authority (CATA), and the MetroWest Regional Transit Authority (MWRTA) for the MPO’s consideration.

TIP Document Preparation and Endorsement

Staff prepares a draft TIP that maintains compliance with federal regulations and requirements for a public review and comment period. During the public comment period, MPO staff compiles and summarizes comments on the draft TIP and relays the comments to the MPO for consideration before endorsing the final TIP document.

Amendments and Administrative Modifications

In a typical year, various projects experience cost or schedule changes that require an amendment or administrative modification to the TIP. MPO staff manages all public review processes regarding TIP amendments and administrative modifications, including posting TIP materials on the website.

Staff estimates that there will be as many as four amendments and/or administrative modifications to the FFYs 2019–2023 TIP during FFY 2018.

For more information about the TIP development process or the administrative modifications and amendments procedures, refer to Chapter 2 of the TIP, available online here: http://bosmpo.ctps.org/tip.

Implementing Performance-Based Planning

The FFYs 2019–2023 TIP document will continue to report on the MPO’s implementation of its performance-based planning program and the results of monitoring trends in the region and progress toward established goal-setting targets.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

The FFYs 2019–2023 TIP, as well as amendments and administrative modifications to the FFYs 2018–2022 TIP will be prepared as described above.

Staff will explore enhancements to the TIP Interactive Database. Continued efforts related to the PBPP will include tracking performance measures and setting targets.

 

Unified Planning Work Program

Project ID Number

8318

FHWA 3C PL Funds

$81,098

FTA Section 5303 Funds

31,432

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$112,530

Note: FTA and FHWA funds include the MassDOT local match.

Purpose

The UPWP, a 3C transportation planning process, prioritizes federal funding for transportation planning work that will be implemented in the 101-municipality area of the Boston region.

The UPWP has two main purposes:

The UPWP document includes descriptions and budgets for work that MPO staff will conduct during the upcoming federal fiscal year, including both 3C-funded work for the MPO and work that is funded by state agencies or other entities. The UPWP also provides supplementary information about other transportation planning activities in the region that are not funded by the MPO or conducted by MPO staff. The federal government requires that the UPWP comply with federal regulations and address the focus areas recommended by FHWA and the FTA.

Work on the UPWP is ongoing year-round. This work program element focuses on developing the federal fiscal year (FFY) 2019 UPWP and supports the MPO and its UPWP Committee in monitoring FFY 2018 UPWP implementation and considering adjustments and amendments.

An integral part of developing the UPWP is engaging the public throughout the process. Some of the public outreach process for the UPWP is covered as part of the 3C Planning and MPO Support program.

MAPC also provides 3C-funded transportation-planning work, which is described in the UPWP document.

Approach

MPO staff prepares materials for and coordinates all phases of this work, including soliciting, evaluating, and recommending ideas for planning studies and technical assistance programs; conducting background research; preparing budgets and project descriptions; coordinating document development with the MPO’s UPWP Committee; responding to federal and state DOT guidance; and preparing draft and final documents.

MPO staff members are responsible for coordinating public participation in the UPWP process, distributing the draft UPWP, preparing the final UPWP, and making administrative modifications and amendments as needed. MPO staff also prepares quarterly reports on the implementation of the UPWP.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

 

Air Quality Conformity and Support Activities

Project ID Number

8418

FHWA 3C PL Funds

$26,953

FTA Section 5303 Funds

$10,447

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$37,400

Note: FTA and FHWA funds include the MassDOT local match.

Purpose

Approach

Air-Quality Conformity Determinations

Under the CAAA, states must monitor emissions from transportation vehicles and other sources to determine whether ambient emissions levels exceed health-based allowable levels of air pollutants. Areas in which the emissions exceed the allowable levels are designated as nonattainment areas. For these, the state must develop a SIP that establishes emissions budgets and shows how the plan would reduce emissions in the area sufficiently to comply with national ambient air quality standards. MPOs with nonattainment areas must complete air quality conformity determinations to demonstrate the conformity of transportation plans, programs, and projects with the Massachusetts SIP. Typically, a conformity determination is performed annually for the TIP and every four years for a new LRTP. However, a conformity determination may be required if an LRTP amendment is undertaken during the year. This program covers the tasks needed to demonstrate that an MPO’s federally funded transportation programs meet conformity requirements.

The Boston Region MPO area previously had been classified as a nonattainment area for ozone, but it was reclassified as an attainment area under the new 2008 ozone standard. Because the reclassification resulted from a new standard, a maintenance plan was not required, and the area was not classified as a maintenance area. A maintenance area is an area that had been reclassified from nonattainment to attainment; it is an area for which a maintenance plan has been approved as part of the Massachusetts SIP. As an attainment area, the MPO is not required to demonstrate that the LRTP and TIP conform to national standards for the two pollutants that form ozone: volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and nitrogen oxides (NOx). A new ozone standard was recently proposed and released for public comment by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the Boston Region MPO area might again be classified as a nonattainment area if this standard is approved. If the MPO area is reclassified as a nonattainment area, conformity determinations for ozone will be required.

The City of Boston and surrounding cities and towns were classified as a maintenance area for carbon monoxide (CO). However, as of April 1, 2016, the 20-year maintenance period expired and conformity is not required for this area. The city of Waltham, however, is classified as attainment with a limited maintenance plan in place and projects in this city still must comply with certain requirements. The MPO must still show that it is complying with transportation control measure requirements outlined in the Massachusetts SIP.

Other Air Quality Support

This ongoing Air Quality Conformity and Support Activities program supports the MPO’s expertise in air quality and climate-change matters, as well as the MPO’s response to changing requirements for planning, analysis, and reporting. This includes initiatives known today, as well as the ability to participate in issues that might emerge during the year. This program also supports implementation of air quality related transportation programs and projects, and it includes consultation, research, and coordination between the MPO and federal, state, local, and private entities.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

Conformity Determinations

These determinations will be performed and presented as noted below. They include a detailed analysis of air-quality impacts (CO and carbon dioxide [CO2]) of the projects in the FFYs 2019–2023 TIP, any changes to the LRTP, and any work required for implementing GreenDOT (the state’s comprehensive environmental responsibility and sustainability policy). MPO staff will also complete analysis of VOCs and NOx emissions.

Support to MassDOT (including the Highway Division, the Office of Transportation Planning and the MBTA) and Massport

Activities will include analysis of transportation-control measures (TCMs), park-and-ride facilities, and proposed high-occupancy-vehicle (HOV) projects throughout the Boston Region MPO area, as well as evaluation of emerging and innovative highway and transit clean-air activities.

Support for Climate-Change Initiatives

Activities will include integrating concerns about climate change and opportunities for emissions reduction into the MPO’s planning process relative to the regional travel-demand model set, the TIP, project specific work products, the LRTP, the Congestion Management Process, the UPWP, and performance measures. Staff will work with MassDOT to implement its GreenDOT policy and comply with the Department of Environmental Protection (DEP)’s Global Warming Solutions Act Requirements for the Transportation Sector and MassDOT. Staff will also confer with agencies and organizations concerned about climate-change issues to inform actions in the MPO region.

Mobile-Source Element of the SIP

The Massachusetts DEP is required to submit a SIP to the EPA documenting strategies and actions to bring Massachusetts into compliance with air quality standards. CTPS support will include:


 

Transportation Equity Program

Project ID Number

8518

FHWA 3C PL Funds

$105,522

FTA Section 5303 Funds

$40,898

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$146,420

Note: FTA and FHWA funds include the MassDOT local match. This program includes the program previously called MPO Title VI Reporting.

 

Purpose

The objective of the Transportation Equity (TE) program is to perform activities related to Federal Transit Administration (FTA) and Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) Title VI, environmental justice (EJ), and other nondiscrimination requirements. These requirements are rooted in several federal laws and executive orders (EOs), including Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Presidential EO 12898 “Federal Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-income Populations,” and the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), as well as United States Department of Transportation (USDOT) nondiscrimination regulations, and guidance.

Title VI prohibits discrimination based on race, color, and national origin, including persons with limited English proficiency (LEP), in programs and activities that receive federal financial assistance. EO 12898 directs recipients of federal financial assistance to identify and address any disproportionate burdens placed on low-income and minority populations. The ADA prohibits discrimination against individuals with disabilities by recipients of federal financial assistance. In addition to these programs, FHWA’s Title VI/Nondiscrimination Program prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex and age under other federal authorities, and requires metropolitan planning organizations (MPOs) to understand and consider the transportation needs of these populations.

The TE program encompasses the programmatic, monitoring, and reporting activities that are necessary for MPOs to comply with the above federal civil rights requirements and guidelines, including public outreach to protected populations, data collection and analysis, and support to other MPO programs regarding populations protected by the above EOs and laws. The TE program also involves monitoring the success of these activities and reporting their results to ensure compliance.

Approach

Completing FTA and FHWA Reporting Requirements

Although many TE program activities apply to all populations, regardless of the authority under which they are protected, the Boston Region MPO makes every effort to ensure that monitoring efforts for Title VI and EJ are identified as such and the results reported separately. As requested by the FTA and FHWA, reporting the impacts of the MPO’s programs and activities will occur via various quantitative analyses, and documentation of the MPO’s efforts to engage protected populations in its transportation-planning and decision-making process. Reporting will also include updates to the MPO’s Language Access Plan (LAP), as stated in the plan, which guides the MPO’s efforts to ensure that activities are accessible to persons with LEP. MPO staff—the Central Transportation Planning Staff (CTPS)—will compose annual and triennial reports as requested by the FTA and FHWA through the Massachusetts Department of Transportation (MassDOT), and respond to requests made by MassDOT regarding changes in the MPO’s Title VI, EJ, and nondiscrimination reporting activities.

Supporting Participation in the MPO’s Transportation-Planning Process and the Public Participation Program

CTPS will gather input and generate participation in the MPO’s transportation-planning process in several ways. Staff will continue to develop relationships and conduct public engagement with community organizations that serve protected populations. Many of these organizations will also contribute to the MPO’s evolving database of community organizations and contacts. Staff will use information acquired from these public-outreach efforts, as well as from data collection and analysis, such as Census data, to identify transportation gaps and needs of protected populations. This information will inform the MPO’s certification documents—the Unified Planning Work Program (UPWP), Transportation Improvement Program (TIP), and Long-Range Transportation Plan (LRTP).

Staff will continue to develop methods for ensuring that all MPO communications with the public are accessible to people with a disability as well as to LEP persons. In accordance with the MPO’s LAP, the MPO will translate vital documents (both digital and print formats) into languages other than English. Staff will also continue to ensure that all MPO documents and resources are accessible to people with disabilities, as described in the CTPS Nondiscrimination Handbook.

Providing Technical Support to the LRTP, TIP, and MPO-guided Studies

Staff will support development of the MPO’s certification documents through evaluating projects, contributing to the Performance Dashboard, assisting in establishment of equity performance measures, and refining the equity analyses. Staff also will support the LRTP Needs Assessment, and analyze distribution of UPWP-funded studies on an ongoing basis.

Managing the MPO Staff’s Transportation Equity Analysis Committee (TEAC)

This committee provides an opportunity for CTPS to discuss its analytical practices on behalf of the MPO and client agencies, make decisions about updating and implementing these practices, and promote integration of EJ and Title VI principles throughout MPO activities. TEAC’s overarching goals are to ensure that these principles are integrated into the MPO’s activities fully and that analytical processes are applied consistently. While the TIP and LRTP equity analyses are currently the primary concern of TEAC, other topics that deal with analytical components of the MPO’s transportation equity program are also of interest. Topics under TEAC’s consideration generally evolve as the need arises within the MPO.

Refining Equity-Related Analytical and Modeling Techniques

Federal requirements instruct the Boston Region MPO to conduct analyses that evaluate the impacts of the MPO’s activities on populations protected by the civil rights regulations stated above. In order to improve the effectiveness of these analyses, including equity analyses, staff will refine current methods and develop novel methodologies. Staff will address analyses that are prepared using CTPS’s regional travel demand model, as well as those that are done with other tools.

Supporting and Coordinating with Other Agencies

CTPS will continue to support FTA programs that target minority and low-income populations, elderly individuals, and people with disabilities in the region. For example, MPO staff will continue to help MassDOT publicize its Community Transit Grant Program solicitation, and will evaluate that program’s grant applications.

MPO staff will continue to coordinate with MassDOT’s Office of Diversity and Civil Rights (ODCR) to ensure consistency of MPO Title VI-related processes, procedures, and activities.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

 

Congestion Management Process

Project ID Number

2118

FHWA 3C PL Funds

$80,634

FTA Section 5303 Funds

$31,261

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$111,895

Note: FTA and FHWA funds include the MassDOT local match.

 

Purpose

The MPO’s CMP is a federally mandated requirement that seeks to monitor congestion, mobility, and safety needs; it also recommends appropriate strategies for reducing congestion. The CMP is developed in an integrated manner along with the MPO’s certification documents (LRTP, TIP, and UPWP) to ensure cohesive strategy evaluation and implementation.

Approach

In the Boston Region MPO area, the CMP follows federal guidelines and recommendations from the MPO’s CMP Committee to fulfill the following activities:

Depending upon CMP Committee recommendations, monitoring and analysis will continue for highways, arterial roads, park­and-ride lots, freight movements, and bicycle and pedestrian facilities. CMP activities will include using electronic travel-time and speed data to monitor roadways, identify existing conditions, and recommend appropriate improvements in accordance with federal guidelines.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

CMP activities will include monitoring, assessing needs, and recommending strategies for multimodal facilities and services, including:


Freight-Planning Support: FFY 2018

Project ID Number

2218

FHWA 3C PL Funds

$55,600

FTA Section 5303 Funds

$0

FFY 2017 Total Budget

$55,600

Note: FTA and FHWA funds include the MassDOT local match.

 

Purpose

As part of its FFY 2014 UPWP, the Boston Region MPO established a formal freight-planning program. The goals for MPO freight planning are to:

Approach

The freight analysis within the framework of this program will be ongoing and conducted on a multiyear basis. In September 2013, MPO staff proposed a Freight Planning Action Plan, which presented possible studies for one or more of the MPO’s freight-planning goals.1

The MPO’s FFY 2017 freight planning activities included identifying bridges and tunnels with weight or height restrictions that limit efficient truck movement, collecting freight data to support MPO model development, and a continued focus on the new all-electronic tolling systems. The MPO will look to the Freight Planning Action Plan to determine future activities for the MPO’s freight-planning program. In its freight planning activities, MPO staff will incorporate input from stakeholders who represent the freight-shipping community in the Boston region to learn about obstacles and transportation needs for freight movement.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

Potential issues for study are documented in the FFY 2013 Freight Planning Action Plan. MPO staff will collect data, conduct analysis, and develop recommendations and documentation as appropriate for the study topics.

 

1 Proposed Freight Planning Action Plan for the Boston Region MPO: Meeting the Goals and Addressing the Issues, memorandum, Boston Region MPO, September 12, 2013.

 

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Chapter 6
Boston Region MPO Planning Studies and Technical Analyses

6.1      Introduction

As described in Chapter 1, each federal fiscal year (FFY), the Boston Region Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) receives federal transportation planning funds from Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) and the Federal Transit Administration (FTA). Combined with the local Massachusetts Department of Transportation (MassDOT) matching amount, these funds form the budget that allows the MPO staff to accomplish the certification requirement activities described in Chapter 5, the planning studies and technical analyses described in this chapter, and the administrative tasks and data management described in Chapter 8.

The work described in this chapter consists of the following:

Additionally, the MPO member agency, the Metropolitan Area Planning Council (MAPC), conducts planning studies and technical assistance throughout the region under four ongoing work programs each FFY (see Section 6.4, MAPC Planning Studies and Technical Analyses).

Table 6-1 summarizes the salary and overhead costs, status (percent complete by the end of FFY 2017), and completed and planned work products for planning studies started in a previous FFY and continued into FFY 2018. Table 6-2 summarizes the salary and overhead costs in FFY 2017 and FFY 2018, as well as the completed and planned work products for ongoing MPO technical assistance and transportation planning support work.

The project descriptions throughout this chapter describe new transportation planning studies chosen for funding in FFY 2018. They provide detailed updates for the FFY 2018 funding and work products for the MPO’s and MAPC’s ongoing programs.

Table 6-1: Discrete Boston Region MPO Planning Studies and Technical Analyses Continued into FFY 2018

Name

ID

FHWA PL Funds

FTA Section 5303 Funds

Total Budget

Work Products

FFY 2017 Studies

FFY 2016 Studies

FFY 2016 Studies

FFY 2016 Studies

FFY 2016 Studies

FFY 2016 Studies

Safety Effectiveness of Safe Routes to School Programs

13280

3,301

$1,279

$4,580

Final report presentation to the MPO

Low-Cost Improvements to Freeway Bottlenecks

13275

$4,680

$0

$4,680

Final report presentation to the MPO

Addressing Safety, Mobility, and Access on Subregional Priority Roadways FFY 2017

13274

$3,639

1,411

$5,050

Final report presentation to the MPO

Priority Corridors for LRTP Needs Assessment: FFY 2017

13276

$4,072

$1,578

$5,650

Final report presentation to the MPO

TOTAL

blank

$15,692

$4,268

$19,960

blank


 

Table 6-2: FFY 2017/FFY 2018 Ongoing Boston Region MPO Technical Analyses

Project Name ID FFY 2017 Total Funding FFY 2017 Work Products and Progress FFY 2018 PL Funding FFY 2018 §5303 Funding FFY 2018 Total Funding
CTPS Activities            
Community Transportation Technical Assistance Program  2418 $71,140 • Topsfield – Pedestrian crossing of Route 97 (2 locations)
• Canton – Evaluation and Conceptual of the Washington Street/Randolph Street intersection
• Canton – Town wide bike workshop
• Hingham – Possible demonstration project of Summer Street road diet
$53,143 $20,597 $73,740
Bicycle/Pedestrian Support Activities  2518 $64,840 • 2016-2017 Bicycle and Pedestrian Counts
• Bicycle and Pedestrian Count Memo (summarizing counts from 2014-2017)
• Memorandum documenting plans for future Boston Region MPO bicycle and pedestrian counting methodologies
• Bicycle and Pedestrian Infrastructure Overview (included as Appendix B in the Fairmount report but to be posted separately as a resource on the Bicycle/Pedestrian/Livability Activities page)
$48,466 $18,784 $67,250
Regional Transit Service Planning Technical Support  14342 $35,210 • Technical Memorandum, "Bicycle and Pedestrian Connections to West Concord Station"
• Technical Memorandum, "Analysis of Potential Last-Mile Shuttle in West Concord"
• Technical Memorandum, "Bruce Freeman Rail Trail Wayfinding Signage in Concord"
$0 $44,980 $44,980
MAPC Activities            
Corridor/Subarea Planning Studies  MAPC 4 $167,480 • Transit-Oriented Development Vision for South Salem
• Woburn Anderson Rail Station Transit Oriented Development Plan
• Downtown Ipswich Parking Study
• Downtown Maynard Parking Study
• Downtown Stoughton Parking Study
• Updated Perfect Fit Parking Report and Website  http://perfectfitparking.mapc.org
$112,180 $55,300 $167,480
Land Use Development Project Reviews  MAPC 5 $88,820 • Developed comment letters analyzing major development projects across the region, including proposed parking increase at Logan Airport, South Station Expansion and Redevelopment, Lynn Gear Works, South End Gateway, Union Point in Weymouth, North Quincy Station, Assembly Row, 115 Winthrop Square in Boston, and 1265 Main Street in Waltham. $59,400 $29,420 $88,820
MetroFuture Implementation  MAPC 6 $90,000 • Community engagement incorporated into local transportation planning acitivities
• Technical Memorandum: Documenting results from Transit Oriented Development Planning
• Process Plan for Updating MetroFuture Plan
$59,400 $30,600 $90,000
Alternative-Mode Planning and Coordination  MAPC 7 $182,744 • Manchester By The Sea Complete Streets Prioritization Plan
• Malden Complete Streets Prioritization Plan
• North Suburban Planning Council Mobility Study
• North Shore Mobility Study
• Middleton Bicycle and Pedestrian Plan
• Updated LandLine Regional Greenway website and maps http://trailmap.mapc.org/
• Autonomous Vehicles and Connected Cars Research
• Hubway Regional Bike Share Planning Support for Inner Core   
$126,925 $66,577 $193,502
Community Transportation Technical Assistance Program  MAPC 8 $45,000 • Bolton Bicycle planning support and pilot project
• Road Safety Audits in Needham, Everett Beverley, and Waltham
$25,000 $20,000 $45,000

 

Table 6-3: FFY 2018 Unified Planning Work Program Budget—MPO New Discrete Studies

Project ID

New Projects

CTPS PL Funds

CTPS Section 5303 Funds

Proposed
FFY 2018 CTPS Budget

13281

Bicycle Level-of-Service Metric

 $               39,600

 $               15,400

 $               55,000

13282

Transportation Mitigation of Major Developments: Review of Strategies

 $               36,000

 $               14,000

 $               50,000

13283

Safety and Operations Analysis at Selected Intersections

 $               50,400

 $               19,600

 $               70,000

13284

Potential Impacts of Connected and Autonomous Vehicles

 $               36,000

 $               14,000

 $               50,000

13285

Travel Alternatives to Regional Traffic Bottlenecks

 $               50,400

 $               19,600

 $               70,000

13286

Addressing Safety, Mobility, and Access on Subregional Priority Roadways 2018

 $               86,500

 $               33,500

 $             120,000

13287

Addressing Priority Corridors from the Long-Range Transportation Plan Needs Assessment 2018

 $               86,500

 $               33,500

 $             120,000

13288

Community Transportation Program Development

 $               61,300

 $               23,700

 $               85,000

13289

Review of and Guide to Regional Transit Signal Priority

 $               46,800

 $               18,200

 $               65,000

20902

MPO Staff-Generated Research Topics 2018

 $               14,400

 $                 5,600

 $               20,000

Total for New Discrete Studies

 $             507,900

 $             197,100

 $             705,000

 

NOTE: This information may be updated as the FFY 2018 UPWP budget continues to develop.

 

6.2      PLANNING STUDIES

The project descriptions in this section describe the new studies chosen by the MPO for funding in FFY 2018. As described in Chapter 1, each year as ideas for new studies are formed, MPO staff classifies them into the following categories: active transportation; land use, environment, and economy; multi-modal mobility; transit; safety and security; and other technical work. Each of the project descriptions on the following pages is preceded by a funding table that shows the project identification number, category, funding sources, and total budget.

 

Bicycle Level-of-Service Metric

Project ID Number

13281

Category

Land Use, Environment, and Economy

FHWA 3C PL Funds

$39,050

FTA Section 5303 Funds

$15,950

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$55,000

Note: FTA and FHWA funds include the MassDOT local match.

Purpose

Currently, there are several new metrics available for measuring the extent to which infrastructure supports bicycle travel and comfort, known as “bicycle level of service.” It has yet to be seen, however, if these metrics are applicable to the Boston region. In this project, MPO staff will formulate a plan for developing and implementing a bicycle level-of-service index. This index could consist of information collected from intersection surveys and bicycle counts, among other possible sources. This information could help transportation planners and government officials make decisions about bicycle programs, including prioritizing projects and allocating funding.

Approach

MPO staff would analyze the potential structure and needs of a bicycle level-of-service index for the region and would produce a white paper elaborating on the results. The steps for formulating a plan include:

  1. Researching criteria that already exist and criteria that other entities have applied to specific projects

  2. Interviewing local and state entities to determine what data are already available or could be readily obtained

  3. Developing a plan to aggregate any data that can be obtained, and refining data collection processes that would be beneficial

  4. Determining what criteria are best for evaluating bicycle facilities in the Boston Region MPO area

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

The anticipated result of this project would be a recommended bicycle level-of-service index that the MPO could implement as part of its planning and monitoring processes in the future. In the long term, MPO staff may seek to create an interactive tool based on this index that could analyze bicycle facilities in the region. This tool would be located in the applications section of the Boston Region MPO’s website.

 

Transportation Mitigation of Major Developments: Review of Strategies

Project ID Number

13282

Category

Land Use, Environment, and Economy

FHWA 3C PL Funds

$35,500

FTA Section 5303 Funds

$14,500

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$50,000

Note: FTA and FHWA funds include the MassDOT local match.

Purpose

This project will build on the research from the MPO’s previous Core Capacity Constraints study. That effort included compiling processes used by the nine studied communities to review proposed developments and mitigate their transportation impacts; this also included documenting specific examples of these communities’ experiences with transit mitigation strategies. This project would expand the study area to include the rest of the Boston Region MPO and investigate the other 92 MPO municipalities’ experience with transportation mitigation strategies, focusing on what worked and what didn’t from recently completed projects.

Approach

MPO staff proposes to identify recent and planned major developments in the MPO municipalities. Staff will meet with representatives from the communities of these selected developments and learn how each community negotiated mitigation measures and funding with each developer, and citing the resultant outcomes of the mitigation.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

This project would expand the reach of the Core Capacity Constraints study to include the 92 MPO municipalities not studied in that effort. A report will document the experience and presence of development-related transportation mitigation practices. 


Safety and Operations Analysis at Selected Intersections

Project ID Number

13283

Category

Safety and Mobility

FHWA 3C PL Funds

$49,700

FTA Section 5303 Funds

$20,300

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$70,000

Note: FTA and FHWA funds include the MassDOT local match.

Purpose

This project will examine mobility and safety issues at major intersections on the region’s arterial highways. According to the MPO’s crash database, many crashes occur at these locations, which also are congested during peak traffic periods. While the resulting congestion may occur only at the intersections, it usually spills over to a few, adjacent intersections along an arterial. These intersections may also accommodate multiple transportation modes including buses, trucks, bicyclists, and pedestrians.

Approach

MPO staff will examine intersection locations based on a review of the MPO’s crash database and the MPO Congestion Management Process’s travel-time and delay information. MPO staff will recommend safety and operations improvements to enhance the intersections’ operations for all transportation modes, including transit, bicycling, and walking, and to enhance the safety of drivers, bicyclists, pedestrians.

Municipalities are receptive to these studies, as they provide an opportunity to review the locations’ needs, starting at the conceptual level, before municipalities commit funds for project design. If a project qualifies for federal funds, the study’s documentation is also useful to MassDOT.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

Selection of intersection locations for study, data collection, technical analysis, development of recommendations for improvements, and creation of presentations and memoranda.

 

Potential Impacts of Connected and Autonomous Vehicles

Project ID Number

13284

Category

Multimodal Mobility

FHWA 3C PL Funds

$35,500

FTA Section 5303 Funds

$14,500

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$50,000

Note: FTA and FHWA funds include the MassDOT local match.

Purpose

This project will build on the FY 2017 Planning for Connected and Autonomous Vehicles (CAV) project, which was an important first step to understanding the transportation planning consequences of CAV technologies, as well as the preparation needed by the MPO for their impacts. The rapid pace of changes associated with CAV technology and its accompanying regulatory issues necessitate continual study and attention; hence research is an ongoing effort. Many of the questions posed in the 2017 study remain to be answered, and many new ones will be raised as the Boston Region MPO begins to understand and plan for CAV technologies.

Approach

Based on recommendations and research from the 2017 study, MPO staff proposes to further examine CAV planning tools, such as travel demand modeling, as well as CAV issues related to MPO processes, such as LRTP planning and overall decision-making and evaluation. Staff will continue the ongoing coordination with key stakeholders identified in the previous study. Staff will also organize a workshop in which findings from CAV research will be shared with MPO member communities.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

This project would further investigate the research and recommendations from the FY 2017 study. A workshop will be conducted for MPO member communities at which CAV research will be presented. This workshop will also serve as an opportunity for staff to collect feedback from these stakeholders and understand their concerns regarding CAV issues.

 

Travel Alternatives to Regional Traffic Bottlenecks

Project ID Number

13285

Category

Capacity Management/Mobility

FHWA 3C PL Funds

$49,700

FTA Section 5303 Funds

$20,300

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$70,000

Note: FTA and FHWA funds include the MassDOT local match.

Purpose

This project will use vehicle probe data to develop an understanding of how regional traffic moves through cities and towns, and explore possible alternatives along key roadways where congestion recurs. This understanding of how regional traffic moves could help communities prioritize needs and potentially shift users to sustainable modes.

This study could also study traffic patterns that do not occur during peak periods or are non-recurring. This could include examining traffic patterns associated with:

Approach

MPO staff will examine INRIX or like data to determine locations and times of recurring and non-recurring congestion and develop an understanding of how traffic flows in the region after determining these locations, staff would calculate performance measures that can gauge the duration, extent and reliability of congestion at a location.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

A study or handbook to provide communities with a way to reduce congestion caused by regional traffic, prioritize their transportation needs, and potentially to shift users to sustainable modes.

 

Addressing Safety, Mobility, and Access on Subregional Priority Roadways

Project ID Number

13286

Category

Multimodal Mobility

FHWA 3C PL Funds

$85,200

FTA Section 5303 Funds

$34,800

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$120,000

Note: FTA and FHWA funds include the MassDOT local match.

Purpose

During MPO outreach, Metropolitan Area Planning Council (MAPC) subregional groups identify transportation problems and issues that concern them, often those relating to bottlenecks or lack of safe access to transportation facilities in their areas. These issues can affect livability, quality of life, crash incidence, and air quality along an arterial roadway and its side streets. If problems are not addressed, mobility, access, safety, economic development, and air quality are compromised.

Approach

To address feedback from the MAPC subregional groups, MPO staff will identify priority arterial roadway segments in the MPO region, emphasizing issues identified by the relevant subregional groups, and will develop recommendations. Staff will concentrate on transit service, nonmotorized modes of transportation, and truck activity along these arterial segments. Staff will consider numerous strategies to improve arterials, including examining and evaluating any or all of the following factors:

These improvements will provide a guide to designing and implementing a Complete Streets corridor, which could be recommended to implementing agencies and funded through various federal, state, and local sources, separately or in combination.

The Boston Region MPO has conducted Addressing Safety, Mobility, and Access on Subregional Priority Roadways studies as part of the FFY 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, and 2017 Unified Planning Work Programs (UPWPs).

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

Anticipated outcomes include data collection, technical analysis, development of recommendations, and documentation for selected corridors.


Addressing Priority Corridors from the Long-Range Transportation Plan Needs Assessment

Project ID Number

13287

Category

Multimodal Mobility

FHWA 3C PL Funds

$85,200

FTA Section 5303 Funds

$34,800

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$120,000

Note: FTA and FHWA funds include the MassDOT local match.

Purpose

The purpose of these studies is to develop conceptual design plans that address regional multimodal transportation needs along priority corridors identified in the Long-Range Transportation Plan (LRTP), Charting Progress to 2040. These studies include recommendations that address multimodal transportation needs that are expected to arise from potential future developments in the study area.

Approach

The LRTP identified needs for all modes of transportation in the MPO region. These needs guide decision-making about which projects to include in current and future Transportation Improvement Programs (TIPs). Projects that address the region’s current mobility needs are those that focus on maintaining and modernizing roadways with high levels of congestion1 and safety problems, expanding the quantity and quality of walking and bicycling, and making transit service more efficient and modern. During the past several years, the MPO has conducted these planning studies, and municipalities have been receptive to them.

MPO staff would select locations for study with consideration of municipal, subregional, and other public feedback, then would collect data, conduct technical analyses, and develop recommendations for improvements. The recommendations would be forwarded to implementing agencies, which may choose to fund improvements through various federal, state, and local sources, either separately or in combination.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

Through these studies, MPO staff would recommend conceptual improvements for one or more corridors, or several small sections within a corridor, that are identified by the Congestion Management Process and the LRTP as being part of the Needs Assessment process.

The studies would provide cities and towns with the opportunity to review the requirements of a specific arterial segment, starting at the conceptual level, before committing design and engineering funds to a project. If the project qualifies for federal funds for construction of the recommended upgrades, the study’s documentation also might be useful to the Massachusetts Department of Transportation (MassDOT) and the municipalities.

 

Community Transportation Program Development

Project ID Number

13288

Category

Transit

FHWA 3C PL Funds

$60,350

FTA Section 5303 Funds

$24,650

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$85,000

Purpose

In order to support a range of improvements that aim to increase use of non-motorized and shared-ride modes of travel, including transit, the MPO’s Long-Range Transportation Plan (LRTP), Charting Progress to 2040, designates a transportation-investment program—the Community Transportation / Parking / Clean Air and Mobility (CT) program. The purpose of this work is to define and develop the MPO’s CT program for inclusion in its Transportation Improvement Program (TIP).

The LRTP envisions approximately two percent of discretionary target funds to be allocated to the CT program, and the MPO has allotted federal dollars to this program in the current TIP. In the draft federal fiscal years (FFYs) 2018–2022 TIP, this program is funded in the amount of $1 million in FFY 2021 and $1 million in 2022.

The CT program includes three categories of projects:

By clearly defining this program and understanding sustainable mobility models that are most promising for implementation, this program will hopefully encourage communities and service operators to develop effective projects.

Approach

Through this study, staff will establish an ongoing process for implementing the CT program over time. This will include a review of best practices at other MPOs for identifying and funding projects in the categories cited above. Based on this review, Boston Region MPO staff will develop a process for determining needs, analyzing demand, and evaluating projects in order to select those that have the most potential to connect communities with transit service, enhance mobility, improve air quality.. Staff will then use this process to select specific projects for funding this program in the FFYs 2019–2023 TIP.  

A major focus of the best-practice review will be to research financially sustainable partnership models for first- and last-mile transit shuttles that could be implemented in the Boston Region MPO area. The MPO already has recognized that first- and last-mile shuttle connections are critical for improving mobility. In the past few years, the MPO has studied potential locations, routings, and scheduling of first- and last-mile shuttles as part of the Regional Transit Service Planning Assistance program. However, maintaining these services has proven difficult for a variety of institutional, operational, and financial reasons.

 FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcome

This study will establish an ongoing program for identifying and selecting promising project candidates to include in future TIPs under the Community Transportation program. The study will also recommend specific projects for funding in the FFYs 2019–2023 TIP, including possible first- and last-mile transit shuttle service operations, park-and-ride and bicycle parking infrastructure improvements, pedestrian and bicycle mobility improvements, and other sustainable mobility options.

Review of and Guide to Implementing Transit Signal Priority in the MPO Region

Project ID Number

13289

Category

Transit

FHWA 3C PL Funds

$46,150

FTA Section 5303 Funds

$18,850

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$65,000

Purpose

The goal of this study is to develop a guide for evaluating potential transit priority treatments in the MPO region in order to respond better to requests from municipalities and transit operators seeking analysis and planning assistance for transit priority treatments.

Approach

Municipalities and transit operators in the Boston Region MPO area have started to investigate transit signal priority (TSP) as a method of providing better travel times to public transit riders at individual intersections or along a route or corridor with multiple signalized intersections. There are many types of transit priority signal systems and technologies. In advance of any implementation of a transit signal priority system or technology, municipalities and other agencies that own traffic signal systems would need to coordinate with each other and public transit operators to choose a specific transit signal priority system or set of transit signal priority technologies.

The Central Transportation Planning Staff (CTPS) to the Boston Region MPO proposes to review transit signal priority technologies to understand the capabilities and limitations of current transit signal priority systems, their potential for integration with local traffic signal systems in the MPO region, and their potential for integration with local transit operator vehicle fleets. This study will also investigate the institutional issues for implementing transit signal priority in the region and develop guidance concerning interagency coordination between transit agencies and local transportation, traffic, and/or public works departments during the planning, implementation, operation, and evaluation phases of a TSP system.

Based on the findings of this review, CTPS will develop a guide for evaluating potential transit priority treatments in the MPO region in order to respond better to requests from municipalities or transit operators seeking analysis and planning assistance for transit priority treatments.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcome:

A guide for evaluating and implementing transit signal priority in the MPO region.

 

MPO Staff-Generated Research Topics

Project ID Number

20902

Category

Other Technical Support

FHWA 3C PL Funds

$14,200

FTA Section 5303 Funds

$5,800

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$20,000

Note: FTA and FHWA funds include the MassDOT local match.

Purpose

This program would support work by MPO staff members on topics that relate to the Boston Region MPO’s metropolitan transportation-planning process, that staff members have expressed interest in, and that are not covered by an ongoing UPWP or discrete project.

This program was funded for the first time in FFY 2016, when the work undertaken consisted of investigating the possibility of using driver license acquisition rates obtained through Registry of Motor Vehicles (RMV) data as a possible measure of transit dependence. The thought is that current measures of transit dependence, such as vehicles per household, may not be an accurate measure given the availability of car-sharing services such as Zipcar. This research aims to develop a new measure of transit dependence that could be more accurate and meaningful.

Approach

Interested MPO staff members would complete an application for MPO funding to do independent research on a topic of professional interest and potential use in the metropolitan transportation-planning process. The application would be reviewed by MPO managers and directors.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

This research program would produce valuable information for the MPO’s consideration and would support staff members’ professional development. It would yield highly creative solutions for transportation-planning problems.


1 Congestion is used as one of the selection criteria for potential study locations. Congested conditions are defined as a travel time index of at least 1.3 (this means that a trip takes 30 percent longer than it would under ideal conditions).


6.3      TECHNICAL ANALYSES

The project descriptions in this section consist of ongoing MPO programs that provide technical planning assistance and analysis to cities and towns throughout the region. The major areas of technical analyses include bicycle and pedestrian support, transit service planning, and community-level transportation planning and technical assistance.

 

Bicycle/Pedestrian Support Activities

Project ID Number

2518

FHWA 3C PL Funds

$47,750

FTA Section 5303 Funds

$19,500

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$67,250

Note: FTA and FHWA funds include the MassDOT local match.

Purpose

MPO staff supports the MPO’s and the region’s needs for bicycle and pedestrian planning through the ongoing data collection, analysis, and technical assistance in this program.

Approach

In addition to the items listed below, during the federal fiscal year, other bicycle and pedestrian planning studies often are identified collaboratively by MPO members, communities, bicycle and pedestrian advisory groups, and CTPS. Through such studies, MPO staff provides support to communities in creating bicycle and pedestrian improvement projects that can be advanced through the MassDOT Project Development process.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

Anticipated outcomes include technical assistance, data collection, analysis, review of materials, and attendance at state, regional, and local forums and committee meetings. Tasks not related directly to separate studies or activities may include the following:

 

Regional Transit Service Planning Technical Support

Project ID Number

4118

FHWA 3C PL Funds

--

FTA Section 5303 Funds

$44,980

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$44,980

Note: FTA and FHWA funds include the MassDOT local match.

Purpose

Through this ongoing program, the MPO provides technical support to regional transit authorities (RTAs). This work is focused on helping subregions expand transit service and reduce single-occupant-vehicle (SOV) travel in the region.

Approach

The MPO’s policy is to support transit services and reduce SOV travel in the region. As such, MPO staff provides technical support to RTAs to promote best practices and address issues of ridership, cost-effectiveness, route planning, first- and last-mile strategies, and other service characteristics. The MPO also extends support to TMAs, MAPC subregions, and municipalities seeking to improve the transit services that they operate or fund.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

MPO staff will provide technical assistance to RTAs, TMAs, MAPC subregions, and municipalities as described above.

 

Community Transportation Technical Assistance Program

Project ID Number

2418

MAPC8

FHWA 3C PL Funds

(CTPS) $52,360

(MAPC) $25,000

FTA Section 5303 Funds

(CTPS) $21,380

(MAPC) $20,000

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$118,740

Note: FTA and FHWA funds include the MassDOT local match.

Purpose

Through this ongoing program, MPO staff and MAPC provide technical advice to municipalities throughout the region about identified transportation issues of concern.

Approach

Community officials often identify transportation issues of concern about which they would like to have technical advice. In this program, a team of CTPS and MAPC engineers and planners will meet with community officials to learn more about specific problems and provide advice on next steps concerning issues that the community may have identified, such as those related to parking, traffic calming, walking, bicycling, and bus stops. In many cases, there will be a site visit to better understand the potential problem, review existing data, and make suggestions for additional data that may be needed. General types of solutions, along with appropriate follow up and contact information, could be recommended. Descriptions of the various planning processes at MassDOT, the MBTA, the MPO, and MAPC, as well as guidance on how communities can get involved, could also be provided. Technical assistance activities could produce conceptual designs for some project locations. This program is a mechanism for providing quick-response advice to communities for resolving the issues they have identified.

This work will advance the MPO’s goals for system preservation, modernization, and efficiency; mobility; and land use and economic development. It will be consistent with the MPO’s Congestion Management Process and other staff-identified needs. It also will include a safety component in which staff will respond to community requests to conduct analyses at crash locations and recommend possible mitigation strategies.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

In early FFY 2018 staff will solicit town technical assistance requests. The number of technical assistance cases will depend on the funding amount; and MAPC and CTPS will coordinate and collaborate on a case-by-case basis. Depending on the complexity of the specific technical assistance requests from municipalities, typically three to four projects are undertaken by CTPS and MAPC each FFY. MAPC and CTPS will field and prioritize each service request, and expect to spend three to four weeks working on the community technical assistance requests that are selected for funding. Professional teams will be dispatched to client municipalities, and memoranda will document the work, recommendations, and outcomes of these consultations.

 

6.4      MAPC PLANNING STUDIES AND TECHNICAL ANALYSES

MAPC conducts transportation planning studies through four ongoing programs, including Corridor/Subarea Planning Studies, Alternative Mode Planning and Coordination, MetroFuture Implementation, and Land Use Development Project Reviews. Each FFY, some work that was started in previous FFYs is continued through these ongoing programs, and new work also is planned and undertaken.

 

Corridor/Subarea Planning Studies

 

Project ID Number

MAPC4

FHWA 3C PL Funds

$112,180

FTA Section 5303 Funds

$55,300

FFY 201 8 Total Budget

$167,480

Note: FTA match is provided by MAPC and FHWA funds include the MassDOT local match.

Purpose

This UPWP task includes funding to support MAPC’s work on several corridor and subarea studies in the region. Some of these projects will be funded jointly through the UPWP and the District Local Technical Assistance Program.

Approach

This area of work is accomplished through the following subtasks.

Opportunities for and Impediments to Creating Transit-Oriented Development ($30,000):

MAPC will continue planning work that can support transit-oriented development (TOD). MAPC will use demographic data to identify one existing transit station (subway or commuter rail) or high-volume bus corridor that has the potential to support TOD. MAPC will analyze these sites and identify their development potential, along with impediments to development. Factors that may affect the potential for TOD include existing zoning, inadequate pedestrian connections, outdated parking requirements, existing levels of travel demand management (TDM) implementation, and infrastructure elements. MAPC will offer recommendations about how to improve the site’s potential for TOD. Where applicable, MAPC will conduct a market analysis to determine whether the market can support additional development at the chosen station area or corridor. Where appropriate, MAPC will work with the MBTA, CTPS, MassDOT, the Executive Office of Housing and Economic Development (EOHED), the Division of Capital Asset Management and Maintenance (DCAMM), landowners, and the municipalities in which the stations or corridors are located.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes Related to TOD

Anticipated outcomes include analysis to identify transit stations or bus corridors with the potential to support TOD, market analysis, mapping and visualization products, demographic and vehicle-miles-traveled data for chosen station areas or corridors, community engagement, recommendations to overcome impediments to TOD, and technical support to municipalities.

Local Parking Management Plans in Selected Communities ($50,000):

MAPC will work with selected municipalities to develop local parking management plans to provide better parking availability to stimulate local economic prosperity, reduce congestion caused by circling vehicles, and help municipalities plan for greater land use density by decreasing parking ratios. The goal of this work program is to address the problems that municipalities face from not managing their parking supply in commercial and mixed-used areas. This work would benefit local air quality and congestion by managing parking supply and demand and creating places where people can park once and then walk to multiple destinations. In locations where parking requirements can be reduced, the number of households with one or more vehicles could decline, which could result in higher percentages of walking, biking, and transit ridership.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes Related to Local Parking Management Plans

Activities and expected work products include parking utilization data collection, analysis of data, and recommendations to municipalities in the form of a report with pricing and parking management solutions.

Corridor/Sub-Area Level Transportation and Land Use Planning ($57,480):

MAPC will work in one selected roadway corridor to coordinate multimodal transportation planning conducted by MassDOT, the Department of Conservation and Recreation (DCR), and/or municipalities with local land use planning to achieve livability and smart growth goals.

Water Transportation Planning ($30,000):

MAPC will work with municipalities along Boston Harbor and the Mystic River to coordinate water transportation planning, related land use planning, and facilitate coordination with MassDOT, MBTA and Massport.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes Related to Water Transportation Planning

Activities and expected work products include coordination among stakeholders, recommended services that are sustainable and cost-effective.

 

Alternative-Mode Planning and Coordination

Project ID Number

MAPC7

FHWA 3C PL Funds

$126,925

FTA Section 5303 Funds

$66,577

FFY 201 8 Total Budget

$193,502

Note: FTA match is provided by MAPC and FHWA funds include the MassDOT local match.

Purpose

MAPC provides alternative-mode transportation-planning support to the Boston Region MPO and municipalities that focuses on non-single-occupant vehicle modes. This work benefits bicycle and pedestrian transportation, encourages transit in areas that currently are underserved by existing RTAs, improves the region’s understanding of Transportation Network Companies (TNCs), advances electric vehicles, and identifies and supports transportation demand management strategies.

Approach

Autonomous Vehicles, Connected Cars, and TNCs ($33,502)

MAPC will further the regional and municipal understanding of the potential future impacts of TNCs and autonomous vehicle/connected vehicle (AV/CV) technologies. MAPC staff will work with CTPS to identify how expanded TNC use and movement toward AV/CV technologies may influence future travel behaviors and how these findings can best be incorporated into travel demand and land use modeling as well as long-range transportation and land use plans. Staff will also continue to stay informed of how federal agencies and other states and municipalities are regulating TNCs and preparing for AV/CV technologies.

Suburban Mobility and Technology ($35,000)

MAPC will work with selected municipalities to advance solutions that apply technology, dynamic ride dispatching, ride-sharing technologies, and public-private partnership funding models to first-mile last-mile connections and other gaps in the transit system.

Bike Share Program Implementation ($25,000)

MAPC will continue to work with the cities of Boston, Cambridge, and Somerville, and the town of Brookline to implement the regional Hubway Bike Share system, expanding the system within these municipalities and to neighboring cities and towns, including Arlington, Watertown, Newton, Everett, and Chelsea. Seed funding for the program came from the MPO’s Clean Air and Mobility Program, a separate FTA Bus Livability award, and local support from the municipalities. In order to implement the system more fully, MAPC will continue to support the municipalities in their planning.

Local Bicycle and Pedestrian Plans and Technical Assistance in Selected Communities ($30,000)

MAPC will continue to work with selected municipalities to develop local bicycle and pedestrian prioritization plans. MAPC will provide technical support to identify implementable steps that the municipalities, MassDOT, the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation, and other entities could take to advance bicycle and pedestrian infrastructure in specific locations. MAPC will also provide small-scale technical assistance to municipalities that are seeking support. This work continues the implementation efforts of the MPO’s 2007 Regional Bicycle Plan and the 2010 Regional Pedestrian Plan.

Regional Greenway Planning and Mapping ($70,000)

MAPC will continue to work with MassDOT, CTPS, municipalities, and trail organizations to better develop and implement portions of a regional bicycle and pedestrian network of off-road and on-road connections (a greenway) that form a contiguous system around greater Boston. In 2015, MAPC—working with the above-cited partners—developed the branding of this system, called the LandLine. Trail development is increasingly frequent in most communities in the Boston region. The trails consist of shared-use paths along former railroad rights-of-way, hiking trails through conservation land, and historic corridors that connect points of interest. The binding theme of the proposed and completed corridors is creating attractive places to walk, bike, or otherwise travel through low-traffic or no-traffic green areas. These greenways often are local in nature; however, if all of these separate projects could be connected to form a regional system, a world-class regional network could be created.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

Anticipated outcomes include data collection, research and analysis to support completed bicycle and pedestrian plans in selected municipalities, technical support for bicycle and pedestrian improvements, support for regional trail and greenway development, implementation of the regional bike share program, research and recommendations to support first-mile last-mile connections, and research to understand potential transportation and land use impacts of AV/CV technologies in long-range planning efforts.

 

MetroFuture Implementation

Project ID Number

MAPC6

FHWA 3C PL Funds

$59,400

FTA Section 5303 Funds

$30,600

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$90,000

Note: FTA and FHWA funds include the MassDOT local match.

Purpose

This UPWP study area will continue to support implementation, evaluation, and update of MetroFuture, the Boston Region’s 30-year comprehensive plan (through the year 2030) for sustainable growth and development, by increasing community engagement in MAPC’s local planning work. Specifically, this task includes an emphasis on engaging diverse groups of stakeholders. It also will identify transportation and land use best practices by evaluating the different approaches and strategies used in MAPC’s work, and through case studies of positive models from around the region.

Approach

Building Constituencies for Local Decisions that Enable Livable Communities and Sustainable Transportation

MAPC will continue to work with municipal officials and residents at the local level to seek changes in land use that will support livable communities and sustainable transportation. This will include engaging the public in planning and dialogue that enhances equitable transit-oriented development (eTOD) planning; supports engagement in MPO planning processes; and influences other decision-making to improve development outcomes, transportation opportunities, and reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. As part of the MetroFuture update, MAPC will supplement the civic engagement tasks in developing the land use scenarios for the LRTP. Task outputs are expected to include engagement of at least 500 people in at least ten different events or activities.

Honing MAPC’s Practice of Planning for Livable Communities and Sustainable Transportation

MAPC will evaluate the approaches, strategies, and implementation status of its transportation and land use planning work, with particular emphasis on equity. This may include focusing on strategies to steer investments and development to low-income neighborhoods, working to mitigate and minimize displacement pressures, and expanding senior mobility.

Research and Policy Development that Support Livable Communities and Sustainable Transportation

Best practices and state policy that support sustainable land use planning, which include local and state practices from across the country, provide both ideas and “proof of concept.” MAPC will identify such best practices and employ appropriate means to promote their use in the region. Activities may include researching transportation strategies for senior mobility that are successfully employed in other parts of the country to assess their applicability in Massachusetts. MAPC may also research strategies to improve transportation equity and access for low-income and minority residents.

Updating MetroFuture

This year, MAPC will begin updating MetroFuture. Changing demographics and location preferences, planned investments in public transportation and Complete Streets, and emerging transportation technologies will have a profound impact on our region in the decades ahead. MAPC will finish evaluating the existing plan, while designing a process for the update that takes into account the changing nature of mobility in Metro Boston. The plan update will begin in spring 2018.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

Anticipated outcomes include enhanced and expanded engagement in land use and transportation planning processes, including the LRTP and MetroFuture.


Land Use Development Project Reviews

 

Project ID Number

MAPC5

FHWA 3C PL Funds

$59,400

FTA Section 5303 Funds

$29,420

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$88,820

Note: FTA match provided by MAPC and FHWA funds include the MassDOT local match.

Purpose

This UPWP task supports MAPC’s review of potential development projects in the region. In particular, projects will be reviewed for consistency with MetroFuture (the Boston Region’s 30-year comprehensive plan for sustainable development), impacts on the transportation network and projects identified in the TIP and LRTP, and for consistency with the MPO’s livability goals and the Commonwealth’s sustainable-development principles.

Approach

MAPC tracks all projects reviewed in the region under the Massachusetts Environmental Policy Act (MEPA), and provides a regional-planning analysis to the Secretary of Energy and Environmental Affairs for all developments considered to have significant impact. Special attention is given to local zoning ordinances and regulations that serve to reduce auto travel by encouraging carpooling, transit, and other travel demand management techniques. MAPC also will recommend appropriate mitigation measures. MAPC coordinates these reviews with MassDOT, and works with MassDOT to identify updated requirements to be included in the transportation impact assessments that must be conducted by developers.

MAPC also reviews notices of offered railroad property from MassDOT, consults with municipalities as necessary, and provides appropriate input. Often, these notices involve rail trails, but they also may involve other types of proposed developments.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

Anticipated outcomes include analysis and reports of MEPA reviews, development of mitigation recommendations, coordination with municipalities and transportation agencies, maintenance and updates of MAPC’s development database, and input into the project evaluations for the TIP and LRTP. In addition, MAPC will continue to review and respond to notices of offered railroad property.

 

1 Congestion is used as one of the selection criteria for potential study locations. Congested conditions are defined as a travel time index of at least 1.3 (this means that a trip takes 30 percent longer than it would under ideal conditions).

 

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Chapter 7
Agency and Other Client Transportation Planning Studies and Technical Analyses

 

7.1      Introduction

The transportation studies and technical analysis work described in this chapter will be undertaken to support the work of various transportation agencies in the Boston Region Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) area.

Some of the contracts described in this chapter are issued to the Central Transportation Planning Staff (CTPS) every year and generally coincide with either the federal fiscal year (FFY) or the state fiscal year (SFY). Examples include the Massachusetts Department of Transportation (MassDOT) Section 5303 and MassDOT Statewide Planning and Research (SPR) contracts. Other contracts are issued for tasks and technical support to be conducted over a multiyear period, and they might be renewed with the agencies after several years. A third contract type covers the work for discrete studies or technical analyses intended to be completed within one FFY. These may either be one-time contracts in which CTPS conducts analysis or technical support to further a specific agency project, such as the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority’s (MBTA)’s Plan for Accessible Infrastructure (PATI), or they can be contracts in which CTPS provides technical support to an agency for data collection and analysis that is undertaken annually, such as the MBTA’s National Transit Database (NTD): Data Collection and Analysis contract.

The work conducted on behalf of the agencies includes data collection and analyses on a broad range of topics, including travel-demand modeling, air quality, traffic engineering, and environmental justice. The products of this work are vital to support compliance with federal and state regulations such as the Massachusetts Environmental Policy Act (MEPA) and Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. CTPS also enhances regional understanding of critical transportation issues through the preparation of graphics, maps, and other materials for agency studies and presentations. The work described in this chapter is organized by agency, and includes studies and technical analyses for MassDOT, the Massachusetts Port Authority (Massport), and the MBTA.

Table 7-1: FFY 2018 Unified Planning Work Program Budget - New and Continuing Agency Transportation Planning Studies and Technical Analyses

Project ID Name Total Contracta FFY 2017 CTPS UPWP Budget  Expected Project Status as of 10/1/2017 Funding Source FFY18 Agency Funds Direct Support  Proposed FFY 2018 CTPS Budget
Varies by Specific Project MassDOT SPR Program Supportb $998,000 $572,000  Contract issued every SFY   MassDOT SPR  $364,876 $12,500 $377,376
111xx MassDOT Highway Division On-Call Modeling Support $400,000 $140,100 blank   MassDOT  $15,200 blank $15,200
22209 Lower Mystic River Working Group Support $489,300 $246,500 blank  MassDOT  $49,300 blank $49,300
11158 Section 405C Traffic Records Improvement $97,000 $69,100 blank  MassDOT  $27,000 blank $27,000
23329 North/South Rail Link $250,000 $149,700 blank  MassDOT  $170,000 blank $170,000
14354 South Coast Rail $249,579 blank blank  MassDOT  $13,000 blank $13,000
23327 I-90/I-495 Interchange Traffic Analysis $87,097 blank blank  MassDOT  $9,300 blank $9,300
13154 MassDOT Title VI Program $169,900 $37,500 blank  MassDOT  $13,300 blank $13,300
Varies by Specific Project MassDOT Transit Planning Assistancec $533,278 $270,170  Contract issued every year   MassDOT Section 5303  $195,104 $5,500 $200,604
MassDOT Subtotal blank $3,274,154 $1,485,070 none blank $857,080 $18,000 $875,080
22127 Massport Technical Assistance $50,000 $53,150  Contract issued every 3 years   Massport  $49,500 $500 $50,000
Massport Subtotal blank $50,000 $53,150 none blank $49,500 $500 $50,000
11408 MBTA 2017 Triennial Title VI Report $161,511 $95,021 blank  MBTA  $9,800 blank $9,800
11406 MBTA Bus Service Data Collection IX $540,000 $180,000 blank  MBTA  $180,000 blank $180,000
14339 MBTA Rider Oversight Committee Support $24,500 $2,600 blank  MBTA  $4,900 blank $4,900
14351 MBTA SFY 2017 National Transit Database: Data Collection and Analysis $141,398 $125,698 blank  MBTA  $15,800 blank $15,800
14353 MBTA SFY 2018 National Transit Database: Data Collection and Analysis $148,500 $10,900 blank  MBTA  $102,700 $375 $103,075
14356 MBTA SFY 2019 National Transit Database: Data Collection and Analysis $156,000 blank blank  MBTA  $27,100 $175 $27,275
11413 MBTA 2018 Title VI Program Monitoring $72,000 $95,021 blank  MBTA  $69,600 $300 $69,900
11415 AFC 2.0 Title VI Planning $100,000 blank blank  MBTA  $100,000 blank $100,000
11414 MBTA Service Standards  $72,000 blank blank  MBTA  $36,000 blank $36,000
14349 MBTA Plan for Accessible Transit Infrastructure $18,370 $4,200 blank  MBTA  $3,240 blank $3,240
MBTA Subtotal blank $1,434,279 $513,440 blank blank $549,140 $850 $549,990
23328 Weymouth Union Point $150,000 blank blank blank $100,000 blank $100,000
Other Subtotal blank $150,000 blank blank blank $100,000 blank $100,000
Agency and Other Client Funded Subtotal     $2,051,660  none    $1,555,720 $19,350 $1,575,070

a The total contract amounts include direct costs. These are not included in the Federal Fiscal Year (FFY) budget amounts in the table and are shown separately in the Direct Costs budget table. 

b The term of the MassDOT SPR Contract is from April 1st through March 30th. Therefore, the total FFY budgets in the UPWP represent a combination of 6 months of funding from two different contract years. The total contract amount listed for the MassDOT SPR is the total contract amount for the 2016-2017 contract.

c The MassDOT Transit Planning Assistance Contract (also called MassDOT Section 5303 Contract). The total FFY budgets in the UPWP represent 6 months of two different contracts (MassDOT Section 5303 Contracts are issued every SFY). The total contract amount listed for the MassDOT Transit Planning Assistance is the amount of one SFY contract.
Blank or NA = No FFY 2017 budget or status noted either because this is a new study or contract, or because this study or contract was not active in FFY 2017.

 

7.2      MASSDOT

The contracts and technical analyses in this section are being undertaken for MassDOT.

 

MASSDOT HIGHWAY DIVISION ON-CALL MODELING SUPPORT

Project ID Number

111xx

Funding Source

MassDOT

Total Contract

$400,000

FFY 2018 Total Budget

15,200

Purpose

The purpose of this on-call contract is to provide the MassDOT Highway Division with travel demand modeling and planning assistance throughout FFY 2018.

Approach

For the past few years, the MassDOT Highway Division has engaged CTPS to provide travel demand modeling support and planning assistance for a number of its projects, each of which has necessitated creating either a new contract or a contract amendment. In an effort to streamline the process, MassDOT’s Highway Division will create a general on-call contract to retain CTPS’s services for three years to provide necessary assistance to MassDOT Highway Division projects.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

CTPS will support MassDOT and its study teams in planning work associated with its bridge project management and other projects, producing necessary memoranda and data upon request.

 

MassDOT Statewide Planning and Research Program Support

Project ID Number

Varies

Funding Source

MassDOT SPR

Total Contract

$649,000

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$377,376

Purpose

CTPS provides support to MassDOT’s SPR program as requested. This contract will include multiple individual projects or tasks throughout the federal fiscal year.

Approach

This work includes studies, analyses, and technical assistance. Projects that are either underway or expected to begin in FFY 2018 are listed below. (Other projects may be added throughout FFY 2018.)

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

Activities and work products will depend on tasks requested by MassDOT’s Office of Transportation Planning (OTP). Projects of appropriate scope will be submitted to the MPO before proceeding.

 

MASSDOT TITLE VI PROGRAM

Project ID Number

13154

Funding Source

MassDOT

Total Contract

$169,900

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$13,300

Purpose

Under this contract, CTPS will continue to provide technical support to MassDOT in implementing its Title VI Program for both the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) and the Federal Transit Administration (FTA).

Approach

MassDOT, as a recipient of federal funds from both FHWA and the FTA, is required to comply with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and with protections enacted through several additional laws and executive orders that prohibit discrimination on the basis of gender, age, income, and disability. Through this technical support work, CTPS will assist MassDOT in complying with these equal protection laws.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

Staff will provide technical support to MassDOT as described above.

 

MASSDOT TRANSIT PLANNING ASSISTANCE

Project ID Number

Varies

Funding Source

MassDOT Section 5303

Total Contract

533,278

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$200,604

Purpose

CTPS will provide transit-planning assistance to MassDOT and the MBTA by conducting various studies under MassDOT’s FTA-funded Section 5303 Program. This contract will include multiple individual projects or tasks throughout the federal fiscal year.

Approach

This assistance may include:

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

Activities and work products will depend on tasks requested by MassDOT’s OTP. Projects of appropriate scope will be submitted to the MPO before proceeding.


Section 405C Traffic Records Improvement

Project ID Number

11158

Funding Source

MassDOT

Total Contract

$97,000

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$27,000

Purpose

The purpose of this program is to test the template developed by a consulting firm, for collecting Model Inventory Road Element (MIRE) Fundamental Data Elements (FDEs) for intersections in a subset of Massachusetts intersections.

Approach

MPO staff will use a template application developed by a consultant to collect MIRE FDEs at approximately 5,500 intersections in Massachusetts. Staff will provide feedback on the template to the consultant (via MassDOT’s Traffic Safety and Engineering group). If necessary, the template may be modified before it is used to collect MIRE FDEs on the more than 250,000 intersections in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

Anticipated outcomes include collecting MIRE FDEs for approximately 5,500 intersections in Massachusetts. Staff will provide written reports regarding the consultant’s data collection template. The project work is expected to take approximately one year to complete. It is possible that the work may not be completed in FFY 2018; it might extend into FFY 2019, depending on when the grant funds are released and when CTPS receives a notice to proceed (NTP) with the work.

 

North-South Rail Link

Project ID Number

23329

Funding Source

MassDOT

Total Contract

$250,000

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$170,000

Purpose

This work will update the previously completed analysis of the proposed North-South Rail Link project that would connect Boston’s North Station and South Station by rail.

Approach

This project would provide more transit connectivity to the region. It would connect transit markets that now require two or more transfers, and provide passengers with a one-seat ride. In the coming years, train-set capacity at South Station is expected to be a major limitation that would inhibit expansion of the commuter rail network south of Boston. This project would add capacity to the commuter rail system, while at the same time obviating the need to conduct a costly expansion project at South Station.

Because the North-South Rail Link project was last studied in detail more than a decade ago, a current analysis is required.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

This study will examine the local and regional demand for a north-south connection, and also address the air quality and economic impacts associated with the project. After collecting and analyzing data, CTPS will produce draft and final reports on the project for MassDOT.

 

Lower Mystic River Working Group Support

Project ID Number

22209

Funding Source

MassDOT

Total Contract

$489,300

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$49,300

Purpose

This study and support work stem from the proposed Wynn Casino development in Everett and findings in the MEPA certificate issued by the Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs (EOEEA) in August 2015. The certificate states that although the project complied with MEPA, there could be broader regional transportation impacts associated with other large-scale development proposals in the area near the Wynn Casino north of Boston. The EOEEA certificate required that a regional working group be established to study and understand the extent of these broader impacts.

Approach

MPO staff will take the lead in transportation modeling and analyses. In addition, staff will collaborate with the working group to achieve the following main objectives:

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

MPO staff support is anticipated to include the following main tasks in FFY 2018:


I-90/I-495 Interchange Traffic Analysis Technical Support

Project ID Number

23327

Funding Source

MassDOT

Total Contract

$87,097

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$10,000

Purpose

The interstate 90 and 495 (I-90/I-495) interchange, Massachusetts Turnpike Exit 11A, serves commerce traveling to and from northern New England and points west and south. This travel includes commuter traffic associated with jobs in the MetroWest complex; Boston Proper; and the Route 128 corridor. The interchange also connects I-90 to the substantial employment locations along the I-495 corridor and serves recreational travel to and from Cape Cod. In addition, the interchange connects I-84, I-90, I-495, and I-95, which all are truck corridors between New York and Maine. 

MassDOT is conducting a study to examine four possible reconfigurations of this interchange in order to improve safety and operations. The target reconstruction time is between 2021 and 2025. 

Approach

CTPS was tasked to use the Massachusetts statewide travel demand forecasting model to project future travel demand for I-90 at interchanges 10, 10A, 11, and 12, as well as I-495 from W Main Street to I-290, and I-290 from I-495 to I-90. The following major tasks associated with this project were accomplished in FFY 2017:

  1. CTPS updated the Massachusetts statewide travel-demand forecasting model to include all of Massachusetts, all of Rhode Island, and New Hampshire just south of Concord. 

  2. The land use assumption was updated to be consistent with the state control totals for 2012, 2020, 2030, and 2040.

  3. The updated model was recalibrated. 

  4. CTPS projected 2040 traffic volumes under the No-Build conditions. 

  5. CTPS will complete the remaining tasks of projecting the traffic volumes for Build alternatives as well as supporting air quality analysis and environmental-justice analysis. 

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

CTPS will document findings in a technical memorandum.

 

7.3      Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority

The contracts and technical analyses in this section are being undertaken for the MBTA.

 

MBTA National Transit Database: Data Collection and Analysis

Project ID Number

 (SFY 2017) 14351
(SFY 2018) 14353
(SFY 2019) 14356

Funding Source

MBTA

Total Contract*

 (SFY 2017) $141,398
(SFY 2018) $130,000
(SFY 2019) $156,000

FFY 2018 Total Budget

 (SFY 2017) $15,800
(SFY 2018) $103,075
(SFY 2019) $27,275

* Several different contract years are included in this work.

Purpose

For many years, in support of the MBTA’s National Transit Database submittals to the FTA, CTPS has produced estimates of passenger miles and boardings for MBTA services. This project will develop these estimates for

  1. Directly operated MBTA transportation modes (including motor bus, trackless trolley, heavy and light rail, and bus rapid transit)

  2. Purchased-service bus routes (that is, local routes for which the MBTA contracts with a private carrier)

CTPS will also verify MBTA estimates of average passenger trip length on its commuter rail service.

Approach

The data underlying these estimates will be collected in a variety of ways:

The MBTA will submit its SFY 2017 NTD estimates of passenger boardings and passenger miles for various transit modes to the FTA with the aid of CTPS during FFY 2018. In addition, the MBTA will submit its SFY 2018 NTD estimates of passenger boardings and passenger miles for various transit modes to the FTA with the aid of CTPS during FFY 2019. The final technical memorandum for the 2018 NTD will be completed in FFY 2019.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

In SFY 2018, CTPS will complete the final technical memorandum for SFY 2017 NTD reporting and will continue data collection begun in SFY 2017 for SFY 2018.


MBTA Title VI Program Monitoring

Project ID Number

(SFY 2017) 11408
(SFY 2018) 11413

Funding Source

MBTA

Total Contract

(SFY 2017) $161,511
(SFY 2018) $72,00

FFY 2018 Total Budget

(SFY 2017) $10,000
(SFY 2018) $69,900

* Several different contract years are included in this work.

Purpose

Under this contract, CTPS provides the MBTA with technical assistance by collecting data on and conducting assessments of the level of service (LOS) provided in minority communities compared to nonminority areas to support the MBTA’s compliance with Title VI requirements.

Approach

Data will be collected and analyzed on service indicators such as

The data-collection and LOS-analysis activities will help to fulfill monitoring required as part of the MBTA’s ongoing Title VI Program. The results of the analyses will be reported internally at the MBTA, and will be folded into the triennial FTA reporting.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

CTPS will provide documentation about selected LOS evaluations for SFY 2017 MBTA revenue service and amenities, and staff will prepare the 2017 triennial MBTA Title VI program report.

 

MBTA BUS SERVICE DATA COLLECTION

Project ID Number

11406

Funding Source

MBTA

Total Contract

$540,000

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$180,000

Purpose

The work conducted under this contract will help the MBTA to assess bus service changes included in the biennial MBTA service plans.

Approach

In order to assess bus service changes that are included in the biennial MBTA service plans, the MBTA requires ongoing data collection regarding its bus system.

The data collected by CTPS as part of this project also support future MBTA service plans, through which bus routes undergo comparative evaluations for cost-effectiveness, crowding, schedule adherence, and other indicators. Work may also include support for improving the ridecheck database so that it will be compatible with new software and data sources. CTPS also may provide analytical assistance to the MBTA as requested.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes


MBTA RIDER OVERSIGHT COMMITTEE SUPPORT

Project ID Number

14339

Funding Source

MBTA

Total Contract

$24,500

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$4,900

Purpose

The MBTA established a Rider Oversight Committee (ROC) in 2004 to provide ongoing public input on a number of different issues, including strategies for increasing ridership, developing new fare structures, and prioritizing capital improvements. Through this contract, CTPS supports the MBTA by providing technical assistance to the ROC on an ongoing basis.

Approach

Over the past several years, the assistance provided by CTPS has included analyzing the revenue and ridership impacts of potential fare and service changes, providing the MBTA with ridership statistics, offering insights into the MBTA’s planning processes, providing data analysis, and attending committee meetings, at which staff may respond directly to ROC members’ questions.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

CTPS will continue to provide technical assistance to the MBTA Rider Oversight Committee and attend committee and subcommittee meetings.


MBTA Plan for Accessible Transit Infrastructure Support

Project ID Number

14349

Funding Source

MBTA

Total Contract

$18,370

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$3,240

Purpose

CTPS will provide technical support to the MBTA as the Department of System-Wide Accessibility (SWA) develops a Plan for Accessible Transit Infrastructure (PATI).

Approach

The MBTA’s Department of SWA is developing PATI—a long-term strategic barrier-removal plan that will prioritize accessibility improvements in the context of limited resources. Through this initiative, the MBTA will catalog barriers to access at each rapid transit, bus rapid transit, and commuter rail station or stop, and at every bus stop. Concurrently with this survey effort, a working group (the PATI Engagement Committee), which is composed of MBTA officials and disability-accessibility stakeholders, will develop a method for prioritizing the removal of the barriers in a manner that is sustainable, while maximizing the positive impact on accessibility. CTPS will continue to provide the technical support required for the MBTA to develop criteria for determining which accessibility improvements would have the greatest positive impacts on seniors, people with disabilities, and others who rely on accessible infrastructure, while taking into account funding constraints.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes


Support for MBTA Service Standards Development

Project ID Number

11414

Funding Source

MBTA

Total Contract

(SFY 2018) $30,000

FFY 2018 Total Budget

(SFY 2018) $22,500

Purpose

Under this contract, CTPS will work with the MBTA and other partners to refine MBTA service standards and measures, develop new measures, and automate calculation of some of the existing metrics.

Approach

CTPS will assist the MBTA in evaluating some of the potential service metrics that were not included in the final MBTA Service Delivery Policy; as the MBTA did not have the data or processes in place to calculate the metrics to determine if they should be included in a future revision to the Service Delivery Policy. In addition, CTPS will help the MBTA refine some of the proposed metrics that have not been fully implemented, and develop tools to automate calculation of some of the new metrics.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

Refined metrics and, to the extent feasible, tools for calculating some of the metrics


AFC 2.0 Title VI Equity Analysis

Project ID Number

11415

Funding Source

MBTA

Total Contract

$75,000

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$75,000

Purpose

The MBTA is currently working to establish a new all-electronic automated fare payment system for all MBTA service modes; direct payment of cash fares would be eliminated. Because the impacts of such changes may have different effects on different ridership populations, the MBTA is required to conduct an equity analysis of the impacts of the new fare system.

Approach

CTPS will analyze information about existing passenger fare payment by demographic categories to estimate the effects of the new fare payment system on minority, nonminority, low-income, and non-low-income riders. CTPS will use this information to conduct an equity analysis of the new fare payment system.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

Title VI equity analysis of the new MBTA fare system.

7.4      Massachusetts Port Authority (Massport)

The contracts and technical analysis in this section are being undertaken for the Massachusetts Port Authority (Massport).

 

Massport Technical Assistance

Project ID Number

22127

Funding Source

Massport

Total Contract

$50,000

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$50,000

 

Purpose

CTPS will provide technical assistance to Massport’s Department of Economic Planning and Development, which will support Massport in its desire to examine and improve ground-access options.

Approach

Activities may include support for Logan International Airport ground-access planning, ground-access model development, and related data collection and analysis; analysis related to Logan Airport; assistance to Massport consultants, and support for additional to-be-determined transportation-planning activities. This work may be redirected or modified in response to emerging issues.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

This contract will include multiple individual projects or tasks; and specific work activities and products will be determined by Massport.

 

7.5      Other Technical Support work

The contracts and technical analysis in this section are being undertaken for other clients and agencies.

 

Weymouth Union Point Technical Support

Project ID Number

23328

Funding Source

Other (Developer)

Total Contract

$200,000

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$100,000

 

Purpose

The South Weymouth Naval Air Station located in Weymouth, Abington and Rockland, was closed in 1997 by recommendation of the Base Realignment and Closure Commission. In 1998, the Massachusetts Legislature created the South Shore Tri-Town Development Corporation, which was subsequently reconstituted in 2014 as the Southfield Redevelopment Authority. The Southfield Redevelopment Authority is charged with reinforcing municipal control over the land use and redevelopment of the former base. The 1,400-acre site was recently purchased by a development company, which has ambitious redevelopment plans that contemplate as much as eight million square feet of commercial development and approximately 4,000 housing units.

Significant transportation impacts associated with the new development, now known as Union Point, are anticipated. An east-west parkway was constructed through the site as a result of a prior redevelopment effort. The site is immediately east of State Routes 18 and 58. Funds are programmed to widen State Route 18 in the near future. This improvement, along with other programmed improvements, will be represented in the Boston Region MPO’s regional travel demand model.

The proposed development of Union Point is anticipated to occur in phases. Phase 1 is scheduled to be completed by 2022; and the full build-out of the property is planned to occur by 2032. CTPS will work with the project team to define the appropriate study area and will acquire updated traffic counts for a selection of intersections in the study area from the project team. CTPS will produce forecasts of travel demand for a base year, an intermediate year, and the future, full build-out year.

Approach

CTPS will follow the generate approach outlined below:

  1. CTPS will run the travel-demand forecasting model for the base year, the opening year for the phase 1 build conditions, and a horizon year with the land use build-out assumption. CTPS will test different alternatives of highway and/or transit improvement scenarios. 

  2. CTPS will coordinate with the project team and provide data to support their analyses. Traffic data of morning and evening peak periods will be provided to the project team for assessing traffic impact and identifying mitigations. These outputs will be consistent with those developed for the MPO’s LRTP.

  3. A transit-crowding analysis for the Kingston/Plymouth commuter rail line will be performed. 

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

CTPS will complete all model runs and analyses for different alternatives. CTPS will also provide traffic data to the project team for traffic impact analysis. 

 

1 Ridechecks refer to a method of collecting sample data with one or more persons observing and recording passenger activities while riding in a transit vehicle.

 

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Chapter 8
Administration, Resource Management, and Support Activities

 

8.1      INTRODUCTION

In addition to the certification requirements described in Chapter 5, Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) staff conducts various ongoing administrative, data resource and other support activities on an annual basis in order to maintain the critical functions of the MPO.

The activities described in this chapter are all funded with federal 3C planning funds and fall into the following categories:

Each activity in this chapter includes a description of the purpose of the work, how the work is accomplished, and a summary of the anticipated federal fiscal year (FFY) 2018 work products. The budget tables at the beginning of each project description describe the salary and overhead costs associated with these projects. Any direct costs associated with the projects are included in the Direct Support budget table in this chapter.

Table 8-1 summarizes the funding assigned to each of the activities in this chapter that were also assigned in  FFY 2017, a summary of the work products and/or progress made in FFY 2017, the funding proposed for each of these activities in FFY 2018, and the anticipated work products and/or progress in FFY 2018.

Although many of the activities in this chapter generally comprise the same type of tasks from year to year, often there are variations in budgets that reflect greater or lesser emphasis in certain efforts. For example, MPO staff may undertake new or additional data collection and/or analysis under specific line items; the tasks undertaken as part of one line item in one year may be folded into an ongoing activity in a subsequent year; or, there simply may be fluctuations in staffing levels. Where appropriate, these differences are explained in the table.

Table 8-1: FFY 2017/FFY 2018 Ongoing Administration, Resource Management, and Support Activities

 

Project Name

ID

FFY 2017 Total Funding

FFY 2017 Work Products and Progress

FFY 2018 PL Funding

FFY 2018 §5303 Funding

FFY 2018 Total Funding

FFY 2018 Planned Work and Products

CTPS Activities

Computer Resources and Modeling

Computer Resource Management

Varies by Task

$464,710

Provided maintenance and enhancements to CTPS’s desktop and server computer systems; computer
network back-up system; and peripheral devices, such as printers, plotters, and mass storage devices.

$296,753

$115,017

$411,770

Tasks and work products generally remain the same from year to year.

Data Resources Management

Varies by Task

$290,480

Provided maintenance and enhanced CTPS’s database of standard reference GIS layers and GIS layers required
to carry out particular projects. Updated databases with new versions of standard reference GIS layers released
by MassGIS, the MassDOT Office of Transportation Planning, and other agencies. Created GIS maps,
computer map files, tables of socioeconomic and travel-related data, and databases. Analyzed data.

$149,331

$57,879

$207,210

Tasks and work products generally remain the same from year to year.

Regional Model Enhancement

Varies by Task

$750,760

Updated regional model databases and computer
programs that implement modeling procedures.

$557,127

$215,933

$773,060

Continue to advance the existing regional model through enhancements to the input data and modeling procedures.  Also, work on the development of an Activity Based Model (ABM), which will cover the same geography as the regional model.

Data/Technical and Other Support

Access Advisory Committee Support

9418

$89,130

Support AACT meetings, AACT Chair, and AACT Executive Board of Directors; distribute monthly reports on system-wide accessibility, MBTA The Ride service, and other materials; provide guidance on the AACT Memorandum of Understanding, AACT bylaws, and disability issues in general; coordinate AACT elections and other committee activities; support AACT membership; maintain AACT databases; coordinate briefings on MPO activities; produce meeting materials in accessible formats; coordinate forums on transit accessibility; update AACT brochure.

$0

$97,840

$97,840

Access Advisory Committee Support activities generally remain the same from year to year.

Provision of Materials in Accessible Formats

3118

$86,710

Support the MPO and CTPS in the production of accessible materials in pdf and html formats for posting on the Boston MPO website including meeting minutes, work scopes, memorandum, reports, and other public materials. Review accessibility requirements, current CTPS standards and processes and work on implementing standards within memorandum and report templates.

$73,545

$28,505

$102,050

Tasks and work products generally
remain the same from year to year;
however, the level of effort varies
based on the specific work products
and reports that the MPO produces
each year that need to be made
accessible.

Transit Data Support (formerly: Travel Operations Analyses)

4218

$11,120

Continue to respond to data request needs.

$ 0

$15,843

$15,843

Continue to respond to data request needs.

Traffic Data Support (formerly: Travel Data Forecasts)

2718

$8,400

Continue to respond to data request needs.

$11,142

$4,318

$15,460

Continue to respond to data request needs.

Roadway Safety Audits

2318

$14,520

Continue providing support to MassDOT for safety audits conducted in the Boston Region MPO.

$15,730

$ 0

$15,730

Tasks and work products generally
remain the same from year to year.

MAPC Activities

Land Use Data for Transportation Modeling

MAPC 10

$77,451

Continued work in support of the operational land
use allocation model including data development and
analysis, documentation, and mapping products to
support advanced transportation modeling.

$61,051

$26,400

$87,451

Tasks and work products generally
remain the same from year to year.

UPWP Support

MAPC 3

$10,000

Support in the UPWP development process and
attendance at relevant meetings.

$7,000

$3,000

$10,000

Tasks and work products generally
remain the same from year to year.

Subregional Support Activities

MAPC 2

$187,000

Coordination and support of subregional groups
including preparation of agendas, coordination with
transportation agencies, review of transportation
studies in subregions, and assistance in setting
subregional transportation priorities.

$139,000

$48,000

$187,000

Tasks and work products generally
remain the same from year to year.

MPO/MAPC Liaison and Support Activities

MAPC 1

$157,000

Interagency coordination, development of work scopes
and agendas, and participation in advisory and corridor
committees. Assistance to the MPO for MPO elections
and support on public participation, TIP project
evaluations, and attendance at relevant meetings.

$112,000

$48,000

$160,000

Continue work in support of the
operational land use model.


 

8.2      CTPS ACTIVITIES

This section provides details on the administration, resource management, and support activities undertaken by CTPS every FFY.

 

Computer Resource Management

Project ID Number

See Individual Tasks Below

FHWA 3C PL Funds

$296,753

FTA Section 5303 Funds

$115,017

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$411,770

Note: FTA and FHWA funds include the MassDOT local match.

 

Purpose

In order to fulfill the Boston Region Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) functions, the Central Transportation Planning Staff (CTPS) to the MPO maintains state-of-the-practice computer resources.

Approach

The following subtasks are undertaken as part of computer resource management:

6218 System Administration and Computer Room Management

Manage and maintain hardware and software for all CTPS computer systems to ensure that staff has maximum access to the computing resources required for its work, including an intranet site. Increased emphasis will be given to the security and integrity of all hardware, software, and data resources. Plan, monitor, and maintain CTPS’s server room and computing facilities.

6318 Boston Region MPO Website

Develop and maintain a website that provides information regarding the MPO’s activities and reports, studies produced by MPO staff, a data catalogue, and several interactive mapping applications. Continue to improve the site’s design, content, and accessibility of this communications tool to those who are visually impaired. The website plays a critical role in the MPO’s public participation program by providing information and eliciting public comment. All announcements for MPO and Regional Transportation Advisory Council (the Advisory Council) meetings and committee meetings, as well as their related materials, are posted on the website.

6418 Software Development

Develop computer software to support CTPS’s analytical, administrative, and documentation requirements. Maintain and enhance software developed by CTPS and/or others when program maintenance is no longer available from the original vendor.

6318 Staff Assistance and Training

Assist staff in using computer resources; organize and distribute vendor-supplied documentation, and, where appropriate, provide written and online user guides for particular resources.

6618 Liaison with Other Agencies

Work with other public agencies, including the Metropolitan Area Planning Council (MAPC) and the Commonwealth’s Office of Geographic Information (MassGIS), to encourage sharing of computer and data resources and techniques.

6718 Computing Resource Purchasing and Maintenance

Purchase and maintain CTPS’s computing resources. These include in-house assets such as servers, desktop and laptop computers, tablet and handheld computers, mass-storage devices, networking and communications hardware, printers and plotters, system and application software, and consumable supplies. These also include out-of-house resources, such as software purchased as a service, cloud-based storage, and other cloud-based computing resources.

6818 Computer Resource Planning

Update the CTPS Five-Year Plan for Computer Resource Development in conjunction with developing the next CTPS budget.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

Work on these tasks will continue as described above.

 

Data Resources Management

Project ID Number

See Individual Tasks Below

FHWA 3C PL Funds

$149,331

FTA Section 5303 Funds

$57,879

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$207,210

Note: FTA and FHWA funds include the MassDOT local match.

 

Purpose

CTPS provides travel data and analyses at regional, corridor, and site-specific levels to support transportation planning and decision-making in the Boston Region MPO area.

Approach

The categories below comprise the variety of tasks encompassed by this work:

5218 Socioeconomic Data

CTPS will maintain and keep current its database of statistics from the US Census Bureau’s decennial Census and American Community Survey, and products derived from these sources.

5318, 5418 Response to Data Requests

CTPS will process or analyze data upon request to meet the needs of local, state, and federal agencies, as well as private institutions and firms. The 5318 project number is used for data requests handled by CTPS’s Information Technology and Systems (IT&S) group; the 5418 number is used for data requests handled by all other groups.

5518 Geographic Information System/Database Management System (GIS/DBMS)

CTPS will continue to develop and enhance its GIS database. CTPS will coordinate data development and distribution with MassDOT and MassGIS in order to prevent duplication of effort, ensure quality, and reduce costs. CTPS’s GIS database will be made available to staff through ArcSDE, ArcMap layer files, web services, and web applications.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

Databases of standard reference GIS data, socioeconomic data, Registry of Motor Vehicles (RMV) data, and travel data; GIS processing tools; tabular and spatial data analyses; web service and web applications; responses to data requests.


Direct Support

Project ID Number

Varies

FHWA 3C PL Funds

$60,000

FTA Section 5303 Funds

$23,000

3C Direct Support Total

$83,000

SPR Funds

$12,500

MassDOT Section 5303 Funds

$5,500

MassDOT Other Funds

$0

MBTA Funds          

$850

Massport Funds

$500

Agency-Funded Work Direct Support Total

$19,350

Note: FTA and FHWA funds include the MassDOT local match.

SPR = State Planning and Research Contract with MassDOT.

 

Purpose

Through this activity, CTPS provides integral direct support for all CTPS projects and functions.

Approach

Computer Equipment

CTPS computer needs are programmed in the CTPS Five­-Year Plan for Computer Resource Development, as amended.

Consultants

Consultants are hired periodically to perform specialized, time-specific tasks as project work demands.

Printing

Project-specific printing costs, such as those for surveys, maps, reports, presentation boards, and other informational materials, are included in this budget.

Travel

Periodically, the US Department of Transportation and other organizations sponsor courses and seminars that enhance staff’s ability to do project work; the costs of registration, travel, and lodging associated with attending such programs are direct-support expenditures. Mileage, tolls, and parking expenses associated with project work also are charged as direct-support expenditures. Additional project work, such as high-occupancy-vehicle (HOV) lane monitoring, is funded through this budget to cover rental vehicles and fuel costs.

Other

Various other expenditures may become necessary during the term of this Unified Planning Work Program (UPWP). Costs associated with postage for return mail, services for preparing and processing data for specific projects, and translations of MPO materials into other languages are direct-support expenditures. Other nonrecurring costs, such as software for specific project work, video-camera equipment for license-plate surveys, or traffic-counting equipment, also may be funded through this line item.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

Direct costs include computer and general office equipment, professional consulting services, in­state project-related travel, out-of-state travel associated with staff attendance at professional and training conferences, and other costs deemed appropriate.

 

Access Advisory Committee Support

Project ID Number

9418

FHWA 3C PL Funds

$0

FTA Section 5303 Funds

$97,840

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$97,840

Note: FTA and FHWA funds include the MassDOT local match.

 

Purpose

MPO staff supports the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) in meeting Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) requirements by providing ongoing support to the Access Advisory Committee to the MBTA (AACT), a user group that represents people with disabilities. AACT advises the MBTA on all accessibility matters relating to use of the MBTA’s systemwide fixed-route services and THE RIDE, the MBTA’s paratransit service for people with disabilities. It also ensures that users’ ideas concerning accessible transportation are heard.

Approach

AACT is a member of the MPO’s Regional Transportation Advisory Council, and MPO staff solicits input from AACT regarding the transportation-planning process. Staff provides a variety of support services (detailed below).

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes


Provision of Materials in Accessible Formats

Project ID Number

3118

FHWA 3C PL Funds

$73,55

FTA Section 5303 Funds

$28,505

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$102,050

Note: FTA and FHWA funds include the MassDOT local match.

Purpose

The purpose of this program is to comply with ADA, Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act as amended in 1998, and other policies and regulations governing accessibility standards. When the MPO ensures compliance with these policies and regulations, public outreach and engagement is enhanced because more stakeholders in the region can access our informational materials and reports.

Approach

As mentioned above, the MPO conducts its transportation-planning activities and public outreach process in accordance with the ADA, Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act as amended in 1998, and other policies and regulations governing accessibility standards. In support of these standards, the MPO produces written and electronic materials in accessible formats. In addition to producing these materials, the MPO will continue to maintain a library of templates that incorporate accessibility guidelines and standards.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes


Regional Model Enhancement

Project ID Number

7118

FHWA 3C PL Funds

$557,127

FTA Section 5303 Funds

$215,933

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$773,060

Note: FTA and FHWA funds include the MassDOT local match.

Purpose

Through this work program, CTPS builds and maintains a state-of-the-practice regional travel-demand model to help assess the area’s transportation needs and evaluate alternatives to improve the transportation system. In effect, the model is a simulation of travel behavior that emulates the millions of travel decisions that produce more than 16 million daily person-trips across the 164 municipalities in the modeled area. Metrics produced by the model are designed to aid in both policy planning and technical analysis, as well as in meeting federal reporting requirements. The model is also used by MPO member transportation agencies because it is an extremely robust tool that incorporates data from all the region’s transportation agencies (public transportation) and transportation service providers (private transportation) that are within the Boston Region MPO area.

Approach

During FFY 2017, CTPS continued to maintain the regional model and enhanced it. Maintenance included updating the transit route system from the base year 2012 to 2016. Maintenance also included updates to the highway network to reflect projects completed between 2012 and 2016, including conversion of the toll collection system. In calendar year 2016, MassDOT converted to open road tolling, consequently eliminating all ticket and barrier systems. The tolling system within the model needed to be entirely re-specified and re-programmed. Also, during the past year, the model software vendor (Caliper) updated the software version (TransCAD 6 to TransCAD 7). This meant that revisions were needed to the customized model program (GISDK), which runs the model. These revisions also included developing a scenario manager, which TransCAD 6 could not support, but that TransCAD 7 does support. These revisions improved the model’s performance and accuracy.

For enhancements, many customized reports were added to the updates, which improved the model’s reporting. Many of these reports focused on transit, with enhanced reporting of transfers within a mode as well as transfers between modes. Another area of substantial enhancement was in air quality analysis. Considerable resources were used to update the interfaces in the model in accordance with Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) mobile emission programs. Another area of enhancement focused on the calculations associated with accessibility to transit, which is a key input to the mode choice program.

After making these maintenance and enhancement changes, the model needed to be re-calibrated. This was done using 2016 ridership information as well as hundreds of new traffic counts.

Other ongoing model activities in FFY 2017 included a continued relationship with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), which is building an activity based model (ABM) for the 164-community region. To support this effort, staff shared a considerable amount of model data with MIT. Also, staff collaborated with MAPC to continue refining the CubeLand model continued. During FFY 2017, new data sources from Google and INRIX were used to help with the model calibration process.

Finally, under a separate contract with MassDOT, the statewide model was updated from the 1990 base files to 2016. This statewide model is used to inform the regional model about travel passing through the 164-community regional model, as well as to inform it with travel that begins or ends within the 164-community region, but ends outside of the 164-community region.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

MPO staff plans to pursue the following activities associated with the Boston Region MPO’s travel demand model:

The activities listed above support projects in this UPWP that rely on the regional model for travel forecasting and analysis, particularly analysis that supports the Long-Range Transportation Plan (LRTP) and the Transportation Improvement Program (TIP).

Additional regional model enhancement activities may include the following:


Transit Data Support: FFY 2018

Project ID Number

4218

FHWA 3C PL Funds

$0

FTA Section 5303 Funds

$15,840

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$15,840

Note: FTA and FHWA funds include the MassDOT local match.

Purpose

The purpose of this program is to provide transit data and small-scale analyses of available data to interested parties, upon request.

Approach

By performing various planning studies for the MBTA and other entities, CTPS has accumulated a large amount of transit ridership, revenue, and service data. This program allows CTPS to provide this data to interested parties throughout the federal fiscal year.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

CTPS will respond to requests for data and small-scale studies from agencies, municipalities, members of the public, academic institutions, and other interested parties.


Traffic Data Support: FFY 2018

Project ID Number

2718

FHWA 3C PL Funds

$11,142

FTA Section 5303 Funds

$4,318

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$15,460

Note: FTA and FHWA funds include the MassDOT local match.

Purpose

The purpose of this program is to perform various quick-response data-gathering or data-analysis tasks for public and private institutions throughout the federal fiscal year.

Approach

For the vast majority of requests for transportation planning and traffic engineering analysis, the amount of effort is significant; therefore, a specific scope of work is developed for these projects. Occasionally, public and private institutions and their consultants ask CTPS to perform various quick-response analyses or data. Accounting for these requests, which are expected to require less than two person-days each, is done under this general project description.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

Work products will depend on the tasks requested by the MPO agencies, the general public, consultants, or other parties.


Roadway Safety Audits

Project ID Number

2318

FHWA 3C PL Funds

$15,730

FTA Section 5303 Funds

$0

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$15,730

Note: FTA and FHWA funds include the MassDOT local match.

Purpose

This program supports CTPS participation in Roadway Safety Audits (RSAs).

Approach

An RSA, as defined by FHWA, is a formal safety performance examination of an existing or future road or intersection by an independent audit team. MassDOT guidelines require an RSA to be conducted where Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP)-eligible crash clusters are present. The RSA examines the location to develop both short- and long-term recommendations to improve safety for vehicles, pedestrians, and bicyclists. These recommendations help communities identify safety improvements that can be implemented in the short term, and determine if more substantial improvements also are needed as part of a larger, long-term improvement process.

Audit teams include MassDOT headquarters and district office staff, MassDOT consultants, and CTPS personnel, as requested. In the RSA process, the audit team: 1) reviews available crash data; 2) meets and communicates with local officials, planners, engineers, and other stakeholders; 3) visits the site to observe traffic operations and identify safety issues; and 4) develops and documents recommendations.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

The anticipated outcome is participation in audit teams as requested by MassDOT.

 

8.3      MAPC ACTIVITIES

This section provides details on the administration, resource management, and support activities undertaken by MAPC every FFY.

 

MPO/MAPC Liaison and Support Activities

Project ID Number

MAPC1

FHWA 3C PL Funds

$112,000

FTA Section 5303 Funds

$48,000

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$160,000

Note: FTA funds include a local match from MAPC and FHWA funds include the MassDOT local match.

Purpose

This project includes working with MPO members and staff to establish work priorities, and meeting agendas. It also includes implement the 3C process and engagement in regional transportation planning lead by MassDOT, the MBTA, or municipalities in the region. Additionally, it includes reporting to the MAPC executive committee, MAPC council members, MAPC subregions, and MAPC staff on MPO activities to ensure strong coordination of land use and transportation planning across the region.

Approach

Statewide and Regional Planning Committees ($70,000)

MAPC actively participates in and attends statewide and regional planning committees, task forces, and boards to represent the interests of the region, with a particular focus on the critical links between land use and transportation. These committees include the Massachusetts Association of Regional Planning Agencies (MARPA), Regional Coordination Councils, and MassDOT and MBTA board meetings, as well as various MassDOT, MBTA, or municipally led transportation planning groups. MAPC will also be actively involved in regional transportation plans and programs related to land use and transportation. Advisory committees may change from year to year as studies are started or completed, but participating in various advisory committees is an ongoing task.

Support of the Public Participation Process for Metropolitan Planning Documents ($20,000)

MAPC provides education and outreach for a wide variety of transportation-related and land-use-related topics in the region, with emphasis on outreach through the subregions to municipal officials. MAPC also supports CTPS in its outreach to environmental justice and senior populations and to people with disabilities.

MPO Elections ($5,000)

Working with the MBTA Advisory Board, MAPC will coordinate and implement annual elections for municipal representatives in the MPO.

Performance Based Planning and Programming (PBPP) ($10,000)

MAPC will support CTPS in developing the PBPP targets and identifying data to measure progress toward meeting targets and objectives.

Long Range Transportation Plan (LRTP) ($15,000)

MAPC will support CTPS to develop the next LRTP, with focus on scenario planning and public engagement.

Transportation Improvement Program (TIP) Evaluation and Criteria ($5,000)

MAPC will advise CTPS about the land use and economic-development aspects of the TIP evaluations. MAPC will provide updated TIP criteria and help to implement the comprehensive regional growth plan, MetroFuture. MAPC will research TIP projects and work with municipalities to advance TIP projects.

MPO Agenda Setting and Coordination ($35,000)

MAPC will work with CTPS and MassDOT to develop MPO meeting agendas and presentations, and participate in MPO processes.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

Anticipated outcomes include interagency coordination; work scopes and agendas; participation in advisory and corridor committees; public participation and outreach; reports to the MAPC executive committee, MAPC Council members, MAPC subregions, and MAPC staff; MPO elections; PBPP targets and data; LRTP scenarios; TIP criteria update and project evaluations; and attendance at relevant meetings.

 

Unified Planning Work Program Support (MAPC)

Project ID Number

MAPC3

FHWA 3C PL Funds

$7,000

FTA Section 5303 Funds

$3,000

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$10,000

Notes: 1) FTA and FHWA funds include the MassDOT local match. 2) FTA match provided by MAPC and FHWA funds include the MassDOT local match.

Purpose

This UPWP task supports MAPC’s management and oversight of UPWP-funded planning studies, projects, and programs, including preparing updates and budget information in monthly reports to MassDOT.

Approach

MAPC assists with the annual development of the UPWP and supports, in coordination with MassDOT and CTPS, development of UPWP project ideas and specific work scopes. Through community liaison and subregional support activities, MAPC staff also helps communities identify and develop studies to be included in the UPWP.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

MAPC staff will prepare UPWP project listings and monthly reports on UPWP activities. MAPC will assist with annual development of the UPWP and support development of specific project proposals and work scopes. Staff will also provide assistance to communities in identifying and developing studies to be included in the UPWP through community liaison and subregional support activities.


Land Use Data and Forecasts for Transportation Modeling (MAPC)

Project ID Number

MAPC10

FHWA 3C PL Funds

$61,051

FTA Section 5303 Funds

$26,400

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$87,451

Note: FTA and FHWA funds include the MassDOT local match.

Purpose

This program allows MAPC to support the MPO’s planning and decision-making by providing CTPS with detailed population, household, employment, and land use data (current conditions and projections) for transportation modeling and project evaluation.

Approach

Regional Population, Household, and Employment Projections: MAPC will collaborate with MassDOT, interested state agencies, RPAs, and other stakeholders to help produce regional socioeconomic projections based on updated information about migration patterns, household formation, economic activity, and development patterns.

Land-Use Allocation Model Development: MAPC will make targeted improvements to the land use allocation model and will use the model to create land use scenarios to be evaluated during development of the LRTP.

Development Database: MAPC will continue to monitor development projects that are being planned across the region and will maintain an up-to-date development database in a new online portal at www.massbuilds.com. MAPC will support CTPS in applying this data for project evaluation or updates to the travel demand model.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

Anticipated outcomes include updated population and household projections, an improved land use allocation model, multiple land use alternatives for use in the LRTP, new data and analysis, documentation, and mapping products to support advanced transportation modeling.

 

Subregional Support Activities (MAPC)

Project ID Number

MAPC2

FHWA 3C PL Funds

$139,000

FTA Section 5303 Funds

$48,000

FFY 2018 Total Budget

$187,000

Note: FTA match provided by MAPC and FHWA funds include the MassDOT local match.

Purpose

The MAPC region consists of 101 cities and towns. The region is subdivided into eight geographic areas that are represented by subregional councils comprising municipal officials, business leaders, community based organizations, and other local participants. MAPC staff planners are assigned as coordinators to each of the subregional groups to assist members in developing an understanding of subregional and regional transportation and land use issues.

Approach

Subregions jointly identify and review the transportation priorities in their areas and recommend subregional projects and priorities for the TIP, LRTP, UPWP, and MBTA’s Focus 40 long-range planning.

Subregional coordinators and MAPC transportation staff report back to the MPO through formal and informal communications. MAPC subregional groups will continue to participate in local corridor advisory committees whenever these committees are appropriate vehicles for working on projects in their areas. The subregions will continue to advance Priority Development Area and Priority Preservation Area planning and mapping activities, planning for first-mile last-mile connections to transit, and engagement in the MPOs Performance Based Planning and Programming initiative and development of the next LRTP.

MAPC staff ensures timely discussions of transportation-related issues by placing the topics on meeting agendas, leading and participating in the discussions, and distributing appropriate documents and notices relating to region- and statewide transportation meetings.

FFY 2018 Anticipated Outcomes

Anticipated outcomes include preparation of monthly meeting agendas for transportation topics at subregional meetings, coordination with transportation agencies, reviews of transportation studies in subregions, support for subregional and corridor advisory committee meetings, public comment and input on MPO process and certification documents, and assistance in setting subregional transportation priorities. This project supports community involvement in the development of transportation-planning documents.

 

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Chapter 9
Boston Region MPO Budget and Operating Summaries

This chapter contains overall budget information by recipient agency and funding source for the projects listed in Chapters 5 through 8. The information is presented according to the same Unified Planning Work Program (UPWP) categories used in those chapters.

 

UPWP Work Areas

Total Budget

Certification Requirements

$1,648,725

Continuing MPO Planning Studies and Technical Analyses

$205,930

MAPC Planning Studies and Technical Analyses

$584,802

New MPO-Funded Discrete Studies

$705,000

Agency and Other Client Planning Studies and Technical Support

$1,575,070

CTPS Administration, Resource Management, and Support Activities

$1,638,960

MAPC Resource Management and Support Activities

$44,451

Total

 $6,885,938

 

The funding for the projects, programs, and activities listed in Chapters 5 through 8 comes from the following sources, which are described in Chapter 1:

 

Funding Source

Total Funds

FHWA 3C Planning (PL)/MassDOT Local Match

$3,694,506

MPO FTA 3C Planning (Section 5303)/MassDOT Local Match

$1,289,065

MassDOT FTA 3C Planning (Section 5303)/MassDOT Local Match

$200,604

MAPC FTA 3C Planning (Section 5303)/MassDOT Local Match

$327,297

FHWA Statewide Planning and Research (SPR)/MassDOT Local Match

$377,376

MassDOT

$297,100

MBTA

$459,990

Other

$100,000

Total

 $6,885,938

 

On the following pages, the funding information presented in the preceding chapters is summarized in 11 tables: one for each UPWP category of work conducted by the Central Transportation Planning Staff (CTPS), one for each UPWP category of work conducted by the Metropolitan Area Planning Council (MAPC), and two summary tables. These tables are followed by another table that shows the federally designated elements and tasks for projects utilizing Section 5303 funding. The purpose of these summaries is to assist federal and state contract administrators in reviewing each work program in detail.

The budget tables reflect continuing, comprehensive, and cooperative (3C) transportation planning funds, consisting of Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) metropolitan planning (PL) funds and Federal Transit Administration (FTA) Section 5303 funds that the Central Transportation Planning Staff (CTPS) and the Metropolitan Area Planning Council (MAPC) expect to receive for federal fiscal year (FFY) 2018. CTPS has received its estimated FFY 2018 FHWA PL allocation of $3,694,506. MAPC’s FFY 2018 FHWA PL allocation is $701,596. CTPS has received its estimated amount of FFY 2018 FTA Section 5303 allocation of $1,274,278. MAPC’s FFY 2018 FTA Section 5303 allocation is $327,297. All of these federal allocations include a state match. This budget also reflects projects funded with State Planning and Research (SPR), FTA Section 5303, and other funds from the Massachusetts Department of Transportation (MassDOT); projects funded with Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) funds; and projects funded from other sources.

Project status and financial data on this sheet are subject to change.

Table 9-1: FFY 2018 Unified Planning Work Program Budget—Administration, Resource Management, and Support Activities

Project ID

Name

FFY 2017 CTPS UPWP Budget

Expected Project Status as of 10/1/2017

CTPS PL Funds

CTPS Section 5303 Funds

Proposed FFY 2018 CTPS Budget

6218

System Admin and Computer Room Management

 $     122,560

 Ongoing

 $         86,359

 $         33,471

 $       119,830

6318

MPO Website

 $       98,420

 Ongoing

 $         46,246

 $         17,924

 $         64,170

6418

Software Development

 $       18,010

 Ongoing

 $           2,847

 $           1,103

 $           3,950

6518

Staff Assistance and Training

 $       24,930

 Ongoing

 $         22,211

 $           8,609

 $         30,820

6618

Liaison with Other Agencies

 $         5,350

 Ongoing

 $           2,818

 $           1,092

 $           3,910

6718

Computing Resource Purchasing and Maintenance

 $     151,950

 Ongoing

 $       113,708

 $         44,072

 $       157,780

6818

Computer Resource Planning

 $       43,490

 Ongoing

 $         22,564

 $           8,746

 $         31,310

Computer Resource Management Subtotal

 $     464,710

blank

 $       296,753

 $       115,017

 $       411,770

5218

Socioeconomic Data

 $       38,120

 Ongoing

 $         25,144

 $           9,746

 $         34,890

5318

Response to Data Requests (ITS Group)

 $       23,310

 Ongoing

 $           9,419

 $           3,651

 $         13,070

5418

Response to Data Requests (Other Groups)

 $       15,350

 Ongoing

 $         22,118

 $           8,572

 $         30,690

5518

GIS/DBMS

 $     213,700

 Ongoing

 $         92,650

 $         35,910

 $       128,560

Data Resources Management Subtotal

 

 $     290,480

blank

 $       149,331

 $         57,879

 $       207,210

9418

Access Advisory Committee Support

 $       89,130

 Ongoing

 $               0  

 $         97,840

 $         97,840

3118

Provision of Materials in Accessible Formats

 $       86,710

 Ongoing

 $         73,545

 $         28,505

 $       102,050

7118

Regional Model Enhancement

 $     750,760

 Ongoing

 $       557,127

 $       215,933

 $       773,060

2318

Roadway Safety Audits

 $       14,520

 Ongoing

 $         15,730

 $                0  

 $         15,730

2718

Traffic Data Support

 $         8,400

 Ongoing

 $         11,142

 $           4,318

 $         15,460

4218

Transit Data Support

 $       11,120

 Ongoing

 $                0  

 $         15,840

 $         15,840

Other Administration Subtotal

 

 $     960,640

blank

 $       657,543

 $       362,437

 $    1,019,980

Direct Support

 

 $     226,500

blank

 $         60,000

 $         23,000

 $         83,000

Administration, Resource Management, & Support Activities Subtotal

 

 $     1,942,330

 

 $      1,163,628

 $         558,332

 $      1,721,960

 

 

Table 9-2: FFY 2018 Unified Planning Work Program Budget—Certification Requirements

Project ID

Name

FFY 2017 CTPS UPWP Budget

Expected Project Status as of 10/1/2017

CTPS PL Funds

CTPS Section 5303 Funds

Proposed
FFY 2018 CTPS Budget

9018

Support to the MPO and its Committees

 $                257,870

Ongoing

 $             165,294

 $               64,066

 $             229,360

9218

General Graphics

 $                  85,820

Ongoing

 $               61,380

 $               23,790

 $               85,170

9318

Regional Transportation Advisory Council Support

 $                  92,970

Ongoing

 $               78,633

 $               30,477

 $             109,110

9618

Public Participation Process*

 $                173,370

Ongoing

 $             135,466

 $               52,504

 $             187,970

3C Planning and MPO Support Subtotal

 

 $                610,030

none/not applicable

 $             440,773

 $             170,837

 $             611,610

8118

Long Range Transportation Plan

 $                292,791

Ongoing

 $             267,854

 $             103,816

 $             371,670

8218

Transportation Improvement Program

 $                164,840

Ongoing

 $             145,288

 $               56,312

 $             201,600

8318

Unified Planning Work Program

 $                123,200

Ongoing

 $               81,098

 $               31,432

 $             112,530

8418

Air Quality Conformity Determinations and Support

 $                  28,940

Ongoing

 $               26,953

 $               10,447

 $               37,400

8518

Transportation Equity Program
(including MPO Title VI Reporting)

 $                129,360

Ongoing

 $             105,522

 $               40,898

 $             146,420

2118

Congestion Management Process

 $                  99,880

Ongoing

 $               80,634

 $               31,261

 $             111,895

2218

Freight Planning Support

 $                  51,200

Ongoing

 $               55,600

 $                       0  

 $               55,600

Other Certification Requirements Activities Subtotal

 

 $                890,211

none/not applicable

 $             762,949

 $             274,166

 $          1,037,115

Certification Requirements Subtotal

 

 $             1,500,241

none/not applicable

 $          1,203,722

 $             445,003

 $          1,648,725


*includes TransReport

 

Table 9-3: FFY 2018 Unified Planning Work Program Budget—Ongoing and Continuing MPO Planning Studies and Technical Analyses

Project ID

Name

FFY 2017 CTPS UPWP Budget

Expected Project Status/Completion as of 10/1/2017

CTPS PL Funds

CTPS Section 5303 Funds

Proposed FFY 2018 CTPS Budget

13274

Addressing Safety, Mobility, and Access on Subregional Priority Roadways: FFY 2017

 $       110,000

95%

 $            3,639

 $            1,411

 $            5,050

13275

Low-Cost Improvements to Freeway Bottlenecks

 $         50,000

90%